The One Thing You Want to Achieve This Ramadan

The One Thing You Want to Achieve This Ramadan

< Previous | Next >

Zaynab Chinoy April 25 Ramadan & Productivity 38 Comments GET ARTICLES BY EMAIL

 

Every month, we host a ProductiveMuslim reader discussion where you can share ideas and tips to help each other become more productive. Last month, readers shared many interesting ideas on achieving your goals against all odds. 

The theme for this month’s discussion is the one thing you want to achieve this Ramadan, inshaAllah.

Allah blesses us with the special season of Ramadan every year: it is unlike any other season because it lasts for just one month and the entire world experiences it at the same time. Just like summer, winter, spring and autumn bring with them their different beautiful colors and harvests; this season comes to rejuvenate the entire world spiritually and ends with a global harvest of positive personal change.

Ramadan is a season of change because just like in other seasons, there are actual physical alterations that take place during this month: the gates of heaven are open, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained. [Bukhari] The spiritual environment of the entire planet is altered to foster and yield immense spiritual and personal growth!

The rule though, is that at the end of this season, we will only reap what we have sown and taken care of during its thirty days. How many seasons of Ramadan have come and gone in your life, and what have you reaped at their end?

This year’s Ramadan is just over a month away and you’ve got to choose your seeds (goals) now and plan how you’ll be nurturing them throughout Ramadan, inshaAllah. Begin today by asking yourself: what is the one thing I want to achieve this Ramadan, inshaAllah?

Share with other readers:

Click to read more: http://productivemuslim.com/achieve-this-ramadan/#ixzz3bEeIVIak
Follow us: @AbuProductive on Twitter | ProductiveMuslim on Facebook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ProductiveRamadan To-Do List!

 

We all know that the beautiful month of Ramadan is essentially about generosity, nobility, developing oneself and being more compassionate towards others. In addition to internalizing those meanings, we need to act upon them as well.

Accordingly, we at ProductiveMuslim developed a to-do list that you can use this Ramadan. The purpose is to help you organize yourselves and your time in Ramadan.

The to-do list has regular daily acts, as well as, a recommended special act to explore every day.

You can check the task that you have fulfilled every day and highlight the ones you still want to explore. This might help some of us avoid having wasted time in Ramadan or not knowing what to do with the extra time.

Please feel free to share and/or develop the list as per your needs and circumstances. Also please remember that Ramadan is not about being overwhelmed. Rather it’s about ease and mercy, and as Prophet Muhammad taught us, “the act most pleasing to Allah is that which is done continuously, even if it is small.”
[Sahih Muslim]

>> Click here to download your ProductiveRamadan To-Do List 
Click to read more: http://productivemuslim.com/productive-ramadan-to-do-list/#ixzz3bEeUo6Sz
Follow us: @AbuProductive on Twitter | ProductiveMuslim on Facebook

The ProductiveRamadan Ultimate Taskinator

< Previous | Next >

Abu Productive July 20 Ramadan & Productivity, Resources, Topics, Worksheets 23 Comments GET ARTICLES BY EMAIL

 

Ultimate Ramadan Taskinator

Download Utimate Ramadan Taskinator

Many of you are already familiar with the Productive Muslim Daily Taskinator – the one sheet hack for a much more fulfilling life, insha Allah. Now, Alhamdulillah, we’d like to introduce the Ultimate Ramadan Taskinator, where you can apply the same concept as the Daily Taskinator, but with a bird’s eye view of the whole month in one glance.

How to use Ultimate Ramadan Taskinator?

Using Ultimate Ramadan Taskinator is simple. Every night, think about the 3 to 5 most important tasks that you want to accomplish the next day, with regard to the following four areas of productivity: physical, spiritual and social. Then book times for these tasks by writing them down in the appropriate time block of the day. Once you’ve placed the most important tasks in place, you can fill out the rest of your schedule for the day.

As with the Daily Taskinator, you should ideally try to schedule the most demanding and challenging tasks for the early part of the day, in keeping with what we know about the following dua of the Prophet :

O Allah, bless my Ummah in its early hours.”  (click here to tweet)

Go ahead and download the free Ultimate Ramadan Taskinator now and enjoy a far more productive Ramadan, insha Allah. Don’t forget to share  your experience with us.
Click to read more: http://productivemuslim.com/ramadan-taskinator/#ixzz3bEexrik9
Follow us: @AbuProductive on Twitter | ProductiveMuslim on Facebook

[Reader Discussion] How Ready Are You for Ramadan?

< Previous

Zaynab Chinoy May 25 Ramadan & Productivity 22 Comments GET ARTICLES BY EMAIL

 

Just 23 days away. Yes, you read that right: Ramadan is just 23 or 24 days away (or lesser depending on when you’re reading this). Ready?

If your sleep routine, salah, food intake, time management and socializing habits are still all in the dumps, it’s time to get off your chair/bed/phone and be a real Muslim!

Yes, you’ve heard it and read it all: Ramadan is a month of boundless mercy, blessings and reward, there’s so much to be gained and so little time and so many distractions and so much to do but this year Ramadan is going to be in the scorching summer and you have chores and school and work and kids and you just don’t know where to start and so you rather just go back to your chair/bed/phone.

From the last week, my Facebook feed has uncannily started showing me news of sudden deaths of young, energetic friends of friends. Young men and women who really, actually did not get to witness another Ramadan in their lives. Whose last and final Ramadan was the previous Ramadan – and now they are in a place of no return and no second chances. May Allah have mercy on them and all our deceased.

Is it just me or do you hear of more deaths too as Ramadan approaches and even more during Ramadan itself? Is this a kind of sign from Allah that we too are getting closer to meeting Him with each passing day?

Our chances to prepare for our meeting with Allah keep falling like sand in an hour-glass.

The only thing that really matters at this very moment in your life, no matter who you are and what you do, is what and how well you’ve prepared for it.

What if this is your last and final Ramadan? And what if this was your last chance to prepare for your last Ramadan?

With that in mind, dear readers: let’s approach this year’s Ramadan with renewed intentions, clear goals and solid plans. It is never too late to get started!

Here’s some of the great content coming up on ProductiveMuslim to help you prepare for and
make the very best of this Ramadan inshaAllah:

  • tips to improve and keep your marital love alive in Ramadan
  • a comprehensive daily Ramadan dua plan
  • how to get your kids excited about and love Ramadan (with great DIY crafts and activities!)
  • changing the ‘iftar party’ trend to spend your precious Ramadan time gaining reward
  • how to eliminate distractions before Ramadan
  • how to approach and benefit from the Qur’an this Ramadan
  • interviews with Nouman Ali Khan and Maryam Amirebrahimi on how they plan to spend their Ramadan inshaAllah
  • 30-day Ramadan fitness plan with meals, workouts and recipes

How is your Ramadan prep looking today? Do comment below and share ideas with others about:

  • the tools (planners/worksheets/apps/lists) you’re using to get ready for Ramadan
  • the changes you’ve started to make to your sleep routine, diet, work routine and socialization
  • how you’re working to minimize your distractions like social media, TV, pending tasks, etc.
  • the deeds and acts of worship you can do now and are doing to recharge your iman for Ramadan

 

 

 

http://app.webinarjam.net/register/13159/5575fd5195
Click to read more: http://productivemuslim.com/reader-discussion-how-ready-are-you-for-ramadan/#ixzz3bEfIpv1r
Follow us: @AbuProductive on Twitter | ProductiveMuslim on Facebook

 

How to boost up ur spirit for Ramadan

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

 

15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids, Seven Strategies to Train Kids this Ramadan

Health tips for the month of Ramadan

Why we must plan for Ramdan?

Here are ten reasons why you should plan for Ramadan:

Reason # 1: To be in “Ramadan mode”

By planning for Ramadan before it arrives, you put your mind in “Ramadan mode”. If you plan, you will mentally prepare for it, and it will force you to see it as the special month it is outside of your regular routine the rest of the year.

Reason # 2: To adjust your schedule

By planning in advance, you can adjust your work, sleep and meal schedules in such a way as to make time for Suhoor, Iftar, etc. That means, for instance, that if you normally go to bed at midnight, in Ramadan you would sleep earlier in order to get up early for Suhoor. Or if you usually study late, you can instead sleep earlier and start studying after Suhoor in the early morning hours. Planning in advance allows you the luxury to make time for the change in schedule that Ramadan brings.

Reason # 3: You can plan Ramadan family time

Is dinnertime usually an individual affair in your home, as opposed to a time the whole family eats together? Are Friday evenings the time every family member goes off to his/her own social activities? Planning in advance can change this at least in Ramadan. Calling a family meeting about a month in advance, explaining the importance of Ramadan, its implications for the family and the need to eat Iftar together when possible as well as to attend Tarawih prayers, for example, will allow all family members to adjust their work and school schedules accordingly. That will, Insha Allah, make Ramadan a blessing not just to every person in the family, but to the family as a whole.

Reason # 4: To make the menu

While Ramadan may mean extra Ibadah to some of the brothers, it usually means extra cooking for most of the sisters. Ramadan’s blessings are for men and women. Making a Ramadan menu for Iftar and meals, and working out when you want to invite relatives, neighbors and friends for Iftar will give sisters the opportunity to catch Tarawih and various other advantageous Ibadat instead of spending Ramadan’s 29 or 30 days stuck in the kitchen. (And by the way, brothers, helping out with cooking or cleaning was a practice of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him-maybe this is a way you can increase your Sawab [rewards] this month).

Reason # 5 : You can plan a Iftar at your home

You may have eaten fantastic Iftars at friends’ homes last year. This year, open your doors. There is blessing in feeding a fasting person other than yourself and your family. Planning in advance gives you the luxury of calling friends over the month before and setting a date, so you can “grab” them before others get an opportunity to. Muchos Sawab, Insha Allah!

Reason # 6: To make a travel schedule

Do you know a fellow Muslim in your neighborhood who wants to get to the mosque for Tarawih every night but doesn’t have a car? Or do you look at your work schedule and realize you have to work overtime near the end of Ramadan, so your family will miss out on Tarawih at the mosque the last ten nights of Ramadan? Planning in advance helps you work out your daily or weekly travel schedule to attend Tarawih prayers at the mosque, or even a trip for Iftar at a friend’s place who may life farther away. It also helps ease the burden of transportation in winter. Maybe you can start a car pool? Since you have the time before Ramadan begins, you can work this out with neighbors and friends.

Reason # 7: To do good at high Sawab times

Being generous is definitely an Islamic merit, but being generous in Ramadan is even more highly rewarded. Match Ibadat with specific times that carry more reward. Prepare to do Itifkaf, increase asking Allah for forgiveness in the last ten nights of Ramadan. Plan to give increased Sadaqa this month. Plan to visit that relative you may have not seen for months, if not years. Thinking about and arranging to do these things and finding other ways of gaining the pleasure of Allah in Ramadan will Insha Allah help you benefit more from it.

Reason # 8: You can squeeze in Eid shopping

Planning in advance helps you think about all of those things you wanted to do in time for the end of Ramadan or Eid last year but couldn’t. Maybe you wanted to go Eid shopping for gifts for family and friends in the last week of Ramadan but were too busy with the last ten nights of Ramadan. No problem. This year, you decide to go in the third week of Ramadan instead.

Reason # 9: You can plan Dawa activities during Ramadan

Some Muslims have gone to soup kitchens and made meals during Ramadan, while they were fasting. Not only will, Insha Allah, they be rewarded, but this is a great Dawa opportunity to explain what Ramadan and Islam are about. Planning in advance for such an activity gives you the time to call up a soup kitchen in your area, explain what you want to do, and get your act together. You can also plan school Dawa activities in Ramadan by planning in advance, by meeting with the principal or teacher beforehand.

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids, Seven Strategies to Train Kids this Ramadan

Health tips for the month of Ramadan

Why we must plan for Ramdan?

Set your goals for this Ramadan

Common Mistakes during Ramadan

• Focusing on food; to the extent that people begin to worry about eating more then actually fasting. This also goes along with spending tons of money on Iftaars even though a person does not need to eat that much food.

• Making Suhoor way before Fajr. Some people eat Suhoor a few hours after Taraweeh or Isha Salah, this is wrong. It should be eaten closer to the time of Fajr.

• People don’t make Niyyah (intentions) to fast for Ramadan. This is something in the heart and does not need to be verbal. Also it only needs to be done once, at the beginning of Ramadan and not every single day.

• If you find out late that Ramadan started, you should stop eating and fast for that day, making that day up after Ramadan/Eid ends.

• Many people don’t think you pray Taraweeh on the first night of RamadanThey believe you pray it after the first day you actually fast. They forget that the Islamic calendar runs on the moon, maghrib is the start of the new day.

• Many people believe if you eat or drink on accident this breaks your fast. This is false, if you do this on accident then you continue fasting and do not need to make up the day.

• Some people take the opinion that if they see someone eating or drinking they should not remind the person that he/she is fasting. According to Sheikh Bin Baz (ra), this is incorrect and it is an order from Allah for us to ordain the good and forbid the evil. Thus we tell the person, because we are forbidding the evil this way.

• Many sisters believe they cannot use Hennah while fasting. This is incorrect, they are allowed to use it during Ramadan.

• Some people believe when you are cooking you cannot taste the food to see if it has the right spices/flavors. This is false, and allowed in Islam as long as the person cooking is not eating the food. Rather they can taste it to see if it needs salt, or more spices.

• Many people think you cannot use a Miswak or toothbrush during Ramadan.This is false, for the Prophet(saw) used to use a miswak during Ramadan.

• Some people make the Fajr Adhan early. They do this so people will stop eating before Fajr and not invalidate their fast. This is wrong and something we should not do.

• Some people make the Maghrib Adhan late. They do this so people will start eating late, just in case Maghrib has not come in yet. This too is wrong and we should not do this.

• Many many people believe you cannot have intercourse with your spouse during the whole month of Ramadan. This is false, you cannot do this only during the times when you are fasting. Between Maghrib and Fajr it is permissible to do.

• Many women believe that if their period has just ended and they did not make ghusl, they cannot fast that day (considering their period ended at night, and they went to bed without Ghusl, waking up without having a chance to make it). This is incorrect, if a women has not made Ghusl she can still fast.

• Many men believe that if he has had intercourse with his wife and did not make ghusl (similar to the above) then he cannot fast the next morning. This is also incorrect, for he can fast even if he has not made Ghusl.

• Some people pray Dhur and Asr prayers together during Ramadan. (mainly in Arab countries) This is incorrect and should be avoided.

• Some people believe you cannot eat until the Muadthin is done calling the Maghrib Adthan. This is incorrect, as soon as he starts a person can break their fast.

• Many people don’t take advantage of making dua before they break their fast. This is one of the three times when Allah accepts a person dua.

• Many people make the mistake of spending the later part of Ramadan preparing for Eid, neglecting Ramadan. This is incorrect and these people lose the concept of what Ramadan is about.

• Many parents do not let their children fast during Ramadan (young children).This is something counter productive to a child. By allowing him to fast he will grow up to know he must do this act.

• Many people think Ramadan is just about not eating and forget about controlling their tempers and watching what they say. In actuality we are supposed to control our tempers and mouths even more during Ramadan.

• People often waste their time during Ramadan. They go to sleep during the day and get nothing done. We should be taking advantage of this blessed month by doing extra Ibaadat.

• Some people don’t go on trips or travel during Ramadan. They think they have to break their fast when traveling. This is actually optional, if you want to break your fast while traveling you can (with making it up later), and if you don’t you can continue fasting.

• Many people who are able don’t make Itikaaf at the masjid. We should take advantage of our good health and spend lots of time at the Masjid, especially the last 10 days of Ramadan.

• Some people believe they cannot cut their hair or nails during Ramadan. This is also false.

• Some people say you cannot swallow your spit during Ramadan. This too is false. However you cannot swallow mucus that has entered your mouth.

• Some people say you cannot use scented oils or perfumes during Ramadan.This too is false.

• Some people believe bleeding breaks the fast. This is not true.

• Some people believe if you throw up on accident it breaks your fast. This is not true, however if you do it intentionally it does.

• Some people think you cannot put water in your nose and mouth during wuduh in Ramadan. This too is incorrect.

 

 

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids, Seven Strategies to Train Kids this Ramadan

Health tips for the month of Ramadan

Why we must plan for Ramdan?

Set your goals for this Ramadan

Common Mistakes during Ramadan

Do’s and Don’ts of Fasting

The Obligation

Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is an act of obedience and submission to Allah’s commands through the highest degree of commitment, sincerity and faithfulness to seek Allah’s mercy, to atone for sins, errors, and mistakes and to avoid condemnation to Hell.

It is done out of deep love for God, with a genuine virtue of devotion, honest dedication and closeness to Allah, for Fasting is for Allah and Him alone.

The fasting during Ramadan is obligatory on every adult, sane, and able Muslim.

Denial of the obligatory nature of fasting in the month of Ramadan amounts to disbelief.

One who avoids fasting without genuine reasons is a sinner and transgressor according to Islamic Shariah (Law).

Time: When to fast

Fasting in Islam involves abstinence from three primal physical needs of human beings- food, drink, and sexual intercourse from dawn (approximately one and a half hours before sunrise) to sunset during the entire month of Ramadan.

Who is exempted from fasting

1. Children under the age of puberty and discretion;

2. The insane people who are unaccountable for their deeds. People of these two categories are exempted from the duty of fasting and no compensation or any other substitute is enjoined on them;

3. Men and women who are too old and feeble to undertake the obligation of fasting and bear its hardships. Such people are exempted from this duty, but they must offer at least one needy poor Muslim an average full meal or its value per person day.

4. Sick people whose health is likely to be severely affected by fasting. They may postpone the fast, as long as they are sick, to a later date and makeup for it, a day for a day;

5. People expecting hardship. Such people may break the fast temporarily during their travel only and make up for it in later days, a day for a day. But it is better for them, the Quran says, to keep the fast if they can without causing extraordinary hardships;

6. Expectant women and women nursing their children may also break the fast, if its observance is likely to endanger their own health or that of their infants. But they must make up for the fast at a delayed time, a day for a day;

7. Women in periods of menstruation (of a maximum of ten days). They must postpone the fast till recovery and then make up for it, a day for day.

Reference from Hadith and Quran:

It is not allowed for the woman who has just had a baby and is impure from that nor the woman during her monthly period to fast until they become clean from that and then they are obliged to make up the fasts they missed.

The duty of fasting is not compulsory for those who are not mature. Ibn Abbas narrated, “Whoever becomes old and is not able to fast in Ramadan should donate for every day missed one mudd (which is 544 grams) of grain.” Ibn Umar said “If I become too weak to fast I feed (someone) one mudd for every day missed.” Anas narrated that he became weak one year before he died so he gave away one mudd every day.

If someone is not able to fast because he is sick and it can lead him to more sickness from which he cannot not recover, at that time he is allowed to miss his fast because that is a hardship.

“He has chosen you and has not laid upon you in the deen any hardship.” (22:78)

When he has recovered he is obliged to make up for those days missed

“And if any of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (he should) in compensation either fast or feed the poor, or offer sacrifice.” (2:196) 

“But if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship), is ransom the feeding of one that is indigent.” (2:184)

The How To’s of Fasting 

Niyyah or Intention of Fast

To observe the fast, the intention of fasting is essential (Wajib). The intention should be made daily, preferably before dawn of each day of fasting (in Ramadan). There is no need to say “I intend to observe fast for today.”

Suhoor

Suhoor is a light, predawn meal, recommended before actually fasting. It is a blessing and hence recommended but not essential.

Any consumption of food or drink should cease at least five to ten minutes before the onset of dawn.

Iftar

Iftar is an Arabic term meaning breaking the fast immediately after the sunset. Iftar is a light snack consisting of dates or desserts, along with liquids, such as water, juice or milk.

This is eaten after making the following Dua (supplication) for breaking the fast:

“Oh Allah! I fasted for your sake and I am breaking my fast from the sustenance You blessed me with, accept it from me.”

What breaks the fast

1. Intentional consumption of food, drink, medicine, or smoking during the fasting.

2. Any injection which has some nutritional value.

3. Beginning of menstruation or post natal birth bleeding (even in the last moment of sunset).

The conditions mentioned above invalidate fasting and require “Qada” (making up only the missed day or days). However, intentional intercourse during the hours of fasting invalidates fasting and not only requires “Qada” but also additional penalty (Kaffara-see the explanation of this below).

Reference from Hadiths:

• If anyone vomits deliberately then his fast is broken because it is narrated by Abu Hurairah that Muhammad (Pbuh) said, “Whoever vomits deliberately has to make up for fast. And whoever vomits naturally does not have to make it up.” The scholars understood from this hadith that whoever vomits intentionally should make up one day but whoever did so involuntarily should continue his fast so long as he did not swallow back any of the vomit.

• If anyone eats intentionally, forgetting it is a day of Ramadan, he need not make up his day nor need he pay atonement (Kaffara). (This is the opinion of the Hanbali and Shafi schools. For the Maliki and Hanafi schools, whoever eats intentionally during Ramadan should make up the fast and pay kaffara). Abu Hurairah narrated that Muhammad (Pbuh) said, “Whoever forgets and eats during the month of Ramadan, he does neither need to make up his fast nor is he required to pay kaffarah (atonement).”

• (This is the opinion of the Hanbali and Shafi’i schools.) Whoever eats intentionally during Ramadan should make up the fast and pay kaffara). Bukhari also recorded “Whoever forgets any fast and eats or drinks should continue his fast because Allah is the one who feeds him.” If a fasting man eats or did intercourse and thinks the dawn has not risen or he thinks the sunset is upon him when it was not, his fasting would not be counted and he would have to make it up.

What does not break the fast

1. Eating or drinking by mistake, unmindful of the fast.

2. Unintentional vomiting.

3. Swallowing things which are not possible to avoid, such as one’s own saliva, street dust, smoke, etc.

4. Brushing the teeth.

5. Bathing: if water is swallowed unintentionally, it does not invalidate the fast. However, while fasting gargling should be avoided.

6. Injection or I/V (Intravenous) which is solely medicinal and not nutritional.

7. In some special circumstances if the food or drink is just tasted and immediately removed out of the mouth without allowing it to enter into the throat.

Kaffara 

During the fasting period, if one deliberately breaks his or her fast, s/he must free one slave, or fast for sixty continuous days, or feed sixty needy persons, or spend in charity an amount equal to feeding sixty persons.

If one chooses to fast sixty days and the continuity is interrupted for any reason, except menstruation, one has to start the sixty day cycle all over again.

Breaking of the fast under exceptional conditions

Muslims are permitted to break their fast of Ramadan when there is a danger to their health.

In this situation a Muslim should make up his/her fast later. The missed fast(s) can be made up at any other time of the year, either continuously or intermittently, except on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr and the day of Eid-ul-Adha

Tarawih

These are special Sunnah prayers in the month of Ramadan. They follow the Isha prayers. A minimum of eight and a maximum of twenty Rakat are offered in pairs of two.

Lailat al-Qadr

Amongst the nights of Ramadan, there is one special night of Power (Qadr) which is highlighted in Surah al-Qadr (Surah 97 in the Quran).

It has the significance of being better than a thousand months (Quran 97:3).

This was the night when Quran was revealed to mankind. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) recommended Muslims search for this night of Power (Qadr) in the odd nights of the last ten nights in Ramadan.

One should spend the night in Ibadah (worship), asking forgiveness of their sins and reciting the Quran

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

1. Dua

Ask Allah to make this the most awesome, spiritually uplifting Ramadan you’ve ever had. Only He can make it happen and relying on Him completely is one step in boosting our spirits.

2. Quiet your mind

Turn off the TV, internet, radio, cell phone, pager, iPod, etc. No, not all day, but for at least 10 minutes a day. Find a quiet place, close your eyes and connect with God. At first, your mind will swirl with the useless and not-so-useless info in your head. But force it to think of three things in these few minutes:

Allah your purpose in life

Are you living your life on purpose?

Do this every day of Ramadan if you can. If that’s not possible, try it at least three times a week.

3. Learn about great Muslims

Read about or listen to the story of a Companion daily. This is a wonderful way to see how other Muslims retained their strength of faith against incredible odds. A sure-fire spirituality booster.

4. Connect to the Qur’an

The Quran is God’s way of talking to us. It’s one of the most important keys to spiritual upliftment. This Ramadan, connect to the Quran in a new way. If you already read Quran regularly, perhaps you can choose a new theme to focus on or select a Surah you haven’t read in a while. If you don’t read Quran regularly, maybe you can read just two minutes of Quran a day, reading only from the first page you encounter when you open up the Book.

In addition, try to keep a Qur’anic journal to record your reflections, questions, thoughts, etc. about what you’ve read.

5. Take care of others

Whether it’s someone who’s away from their family, a person who’s having problems with a spouse or their kids or a fellow student struggling with their grades, make an extra effort this Ramadan to help others out. The spiritual boost you get in return is well worth it.

6. Feed the hungry

While your stomach shrieks in protest, give that panhandler some change, volunteer at a soup kitchen, get involved with your local food pantry or make a couple of bag lunches to give to the hungry you meet on your way to school or work.

7. Give up one lifelong bad habit

Ask yourself what some of your defining traits are. Then decide which is the worst of them. Is it a hot temper? Apathy? Laziness? Impatience? Whatever it is, use this Ramadan to put an end to it. Practice the opposite of your bad habit every day until the end of the month. By then Insha Allah, you’ll look back and be amazed at what a change you’ve made for the better.

8. Use those Nights of Power

The last ten nights or Ramadan aren’t called the Nights of Power for nothing. Use these precious times for deep, heartfelt Dua (supplication), self-analysis, reflection and serious thought.

 

 

 

 

 

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids

Here are a few ideas to help make it special this year Insha-Allah.

1. Hold a family meeting about Ramadan

A week before Ramadan, hold a family meeting to explain what Ramadan is, that the sighting of the moon indicates its beginning, what Muslims do and how the family’s schedule will change. Also ask for suggestions of what everyone would like to do during the month. For instance, would they like to take a trip somewhere, eat a specific type of food, etc.

2. Welcome the month with balloons, banners and more

Say “Ramadan Mubarak” with the standard party fare: balloons, a great banner and decorations galore. Get the kids to help decorate the place and ask for their ideas and suggestions so they feel included.

3. Tell a Ramadan story during bedtime every night

Don’t just rely on children’s books about Ramadan to share stories. Describe what Ramadan was like when you were a kid. You can also make some tales up with your child as the main character in a Ramadan adventure!

4. Let them fast even a quarter of the day and celebrate

Kids often want to fast as they see their parents and older siblings do. This year, let them fast for a couple of hours. Prepare a special “Iftar” for them when they break fast with a couple of their favorite foods.

5. Make Ramadan loot bags for their class

Get their teacher’s permission to make loot bags with Ramadan Mubarak written on them for the class. Fill it with candy, small toys and a little card explaining in two or three short sentences what Ramadan is. Have your child distribute the bags to their classmates.

6. Make a presentation about Ramadan in their class 

7. Make Ramadan arts and crafts at home

Art is a great way to learn more about Ramadan. Have the kids make the different shapes of the moon and show which one indicates the beginning of the month, which one the middle and which one the end; make a collage of some of their favorite foods for Iftar; have them make special Ramadan place-mats for the dinner table.

8. Make a family trip out of sighting the moon

Once the kids are dressed in their pajamas, herd them into the car and take them to where other Muslims in the city are gathering to sight the Ramadan moon. Do the same at the end of the month. Bring a telescope or binoculars.

9. Invite their friends over for a kids-only Iftar

Let your kids come up with the guest list and menu. Also, have them make some of the food. You can pick some kid-friendly recipes or they can help with preparing the parts of Iftar that don’t require using a stove or cutting with knives.

10. Invite grandparents or elder community members over for Iftar

After everyone’s eaten, hold a storytelling session where the guests describe what Ramadan was like when they were growing up. Ask them to be descriptive. How was Iftar time announced? In some countries, they use a drum. In other places a verbal announcement on a loudspeaker is made. What kind of food did they eat? What games did they play during Ramadan?

11. Make a Ramadan 2010 scrapbook

Take plenty of photos of everyone during Suhur (now that’s entertaining!) and Iftar time, as well as while they are fasting and pieces of decorations used, interesting stickers, etc. to make a scrapbook about this Ramadan. Each child should bring three mementos he or she would like to include.

12. Remember the poor

Arrange with the kids to volunteer at a soup kitchen for a few hours on a Saturday or Sunday. If possible, try to find one that has children as its clients so they see that not only adults, but kids like themselves also suffer from hunger.

13. Make and send homemade Ramadan cards

Before the month starts, have an arts and crafts session to make Ramadan Mubarak cards for siblings, grandparents, aunts and uncles. Send the cards soon though, time’s running out!

14. Play Ramadan halaal songs/Nasheeds

When the kids are playing or involved in some leisure activity, turn off the usual fare and put on some beautiful Ramadan songs in English and your own language if available. Maybe you can ask the kids to memorize one song by the end of Ramadan or compose one of their own.

15. Take them to Tarawih prayer so they feel they’re part of a community

Nothing teaches community spirit like congregational prayer. Take the kids with you to the mosque for Tarawih prayer on Friday and Saturday nights when homework isn’t an issue. Also, ask them to bring some of their allowance to give in charity while they’re there.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids, Seven Strategies to Train Kids this Ramadan

The Prophet Muhammad

“No father has given a greater gift to his children than good moral training.” (Tirmidhi), peace and blessings of God be upon the Prophet.

The many aspects of Ramadan–fasting, prayers, moral values, charity, Quran, family, Eid– provide a valuable opportunity to train kids. Whether they are your own kids or kids you teach, education or training isn’t an automatic or easy process. Children don’t bring empty minds and fill them with what we say. Training requires effort, energy and a few techniques to take off.

Here are some training tips and techniques to transform your children’s minds and memories this Ramadan:

Let them get their Hands Dirty

“The great aim of education is not knowledge, but action.”

Children learn by “doing”. On average, students retain 75 percent of a lesson when they learn through hands-on activities compared to five percent through a lecture or 10 percent through reading (Brunmer, Jerome, “The Process of Learning”).

If, for example, you want to teach your kids the concept of Zakat, get them to help you calculate your Zakat, decide where to send the money, and mail the envelopes. Action and implementation can occur while children learn, not necessarily after!

The Prophet used to take his daughter Fatima with him when he went for prayer at the Kaba in Makkah. Later, in Madinah, he would bring his grandchildren, Hassan and Hussain, to the Masjid as toddlers before they knew how to pray.

A concept becomes real and important to children when they experience it rather than simply read about it.

They’ll remember how to do it years later when you may catch them telling their friends,

“I’ve been calculating Zakat since I was a kid!”

Involve their Emotions

When children get emotionally involved in an activity, they rarely want to leave it. Video games and TV shows target children’s emotions. As parents and educators, we can use the same technique for training. 

Stories, songs, skits, crafts and games grab children’s emotions. Once a child is interested and excited, she is more likely to stay attentive till the end and get the message you want to give. Just as we remember events in our lives that were emotionally significant, children remember concepts learned through activities that were “fun”, “funny”, “exciting” or “different”.

Don’t be afraid to stir some fun into your training—you don’t have to lose any content. Write a song about Eid, create a Hadith treasure box, organize a Ramadan trivia night, or read a story about Ramadan in Madinah. If they enjoy it, the kids will come back for more! 

Reveal the Purpose

We often hear students complain, “Why do we have to do this?” or “This math exercise is pointless”. Unfortunately, we often hear responses like, “Because I’m telling you to,” “Because you have to”, or worse, “You’ll get a new CD player if you finish the book”.

Like us, if children don’t see the purpose or importance of an action, they won’t have the motivation to complete it. To avoid getting similar comments from your kids about prayer or fasting, make sure they understand the purpose. Before you begin any lesson, whether it’s a story about the Companions of the Prophet or an Eid craft, explain exactly why you are the doing the activity and what benefits the children will gain from it.

Remind your children that they are doing acts of worship to please Allah, not you. Explain why we need to please Allah and how every action, including washing dishes or math homework, will help us achieve that goal. If children are praying only to please you, when you leave, their motivation and prayers will disappear.

If children are motivated to fast Ramadan or complete the Quran for a material incentive (like a CD player), they may never develop a love of Allah or an intrinsic desire to perform the action. They may, instead, learn to value material rewards and when the rewards disappear, the actions may disappear with them.

Help your children understand that, for Muslims, rewards don’t necessarily come in this life. They may have to wait for the bigger and better rewards of the hereafter.

Highlight the Big Ideas

“Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.”

Albert Einstein

Ask yourself how many equations or formulas you remember from your Grade 12 Math textbook. It may be five or two or none. Let’s be honest – most of us retained very little of the details we learned.

Children will not retain all the Fiqh rulings of Zakat or Wudu or SalahÉ.and they won’t need to! Make sure the little that they retain is exactly what you want them to remember. Focus on the big ideas, such as the awareness that Allah is watching us, that we get our rulings from the Quran and the Sunnah, that prayer is a means of self-purification, etc. Repeat these ideas every day in different ways. While your children instill these principles in their minds, show them how to learn the rest on their own, when they need it.

Help your kids learn “how to learn”. Teach them where to find the Fiqh information they need or how to do research on a topic and who to ask for information. They will be better prepared if they master the basics and know how to get the specifics. Memorizing every ruling will be a waste of their time and yours.

Let them Lead!

Children often take responsibilities more seriously than adults. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, appointed young adults like Ali, Anas and Usamah ibn Zaid, young adults, for important assignments that sometimes required them to lead even older and more experienced Companions.

Give children leadership over important tasks and step out of the picture. Assign one child to wake up all his siblings for Suhur. Let someone else be in charge of updating the Iftar time every evening. Allow the children to plan, budget and buy Eid gifts for all the relatives. Let them choose which task they want to “be in charge of”.

Allow children to make mistakes and realize on their own what they should have done. Experience often trains better than instruction. Once a child goes out into the cold without a jacket, he’ll remember, before you can remind him, to put on his jacket next time.

Train kids to be responsible for their own learning. If a child asks,

“Does brushing teeth break my fast?” a simple “yes” or “no” may give her the answer, but won’t provide any long-term training.

Ask her instead, “Where can you look to find that answer? Let’s do some research.”

Begin the month of Ramadan by asking your children to do a research project on what breaks the fast and what does not. If they find the information themselves, they are likely to remember it and know exactly where to get it again next year.

“The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.” Carl Rogers

Get Excited!

“Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire.”

W. B. Yeats

Kids catch on to your enthusiasm. Show some excitement and passion about the topic you’re teaching.

Show your kids that you “can’t wait” for Ramadan to begin. 

Be cheerful at prayer times. 

Decorate the house in anticipation of Eid.

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, taught by example. His character and actions motivated people to love and emulate him. Be the example you want your kids to be. Make a genuine effort to love the activities you want your kids to love.

Combine Love with Learning

Abu Huraira reported that al-Aqra’ b. Habis saw the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, kissing Hasan (his grandson). He said: I have ten children, but I have never kissed any one of them, whereupon Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, said: He who does not show mercy, no mercy would be shown to him. (Muslim)

Show children that you love them, regardless of how they perform. Allow each child to progress at his own pace. Saying, “look at your cousin Aminah—she’s already finished the fifteenth juz“, will only lower your child’s self-esteem and discourage what she’s already accomplishing.

Excessive competition and comparison can often result in helplessness and lack of motivation for children who learn in different ways or at a slower pace. Allow children to judge their own progress and compare themselves to their former level rather than that of others.

Make this Ramadan the beginning of a memorable and long-lasting training experience for you and your children!

 

How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan

15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids, Seven Strategies to Train Kids this Ramadan

Health tips for the month of Ramadan

Why we must plan for Ramdan?

Set your goals for this Ramadan

10 great goals to set for Ramadan

1. Eat, drink and be moderate

Almost all of us do it – once Iftar time hits, we just keep plowing food and drink into our mouths till it’s hard to move afterward. And those of us who do it know this is totally contrary to the spirit of Ramadan, through which we’re supposed to learn self-control not self-indulgence. Let’s try to stick to the Prophetic rule on eating: fill our stomachs with one-third food, one-third water and one-third breathing space, even in Ramadan.

2. Give a dollar a day in charity…or five or ten

The Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, was always generous but even more so in Ramadan. Let’s open our hearts and dig a little deeper in our wallets this year. Even less than a dollar a day adds up. Whatever you can give, it’s the intention that counts.

3. Memorize 4 new Surahs

Memorizing the Quran often seems like a daunting task. But the key is doing it in small bites. Since there are four weeks in Ramadan, try to memorize one new Surah a week. Start off with a short, easy one. Once you’ve started, you’ll build momentum and may even want to memorize a longer one the following week.

4. Go to Tarawih prayers

Post-Iftar, the first urge is to sleep after an exhausting day. But try your best to head out to the mosque for Tarawih prayers. Praying alone is wonderful, but doing it in congregation is fantastic. The community spirit is part of Ramadan’s blessings. Don’t miss it this year. If going every day is not possible, try going at least one week.

5. Attend the Tarawih prayer in which the recitation of the Quran will be finished

Call the local mosque and find out which day the Imam will be finishing the recitation of the Quran in prayer. Attend to not only hear part of the Quran’s recitation in prayer, but also participate in the heart-rending Duas that follow it.

6. Stop swearing and/or backbiting – with a special box

It’s hard not to shoot our mouths off when someone’s upset us. Whether we utter those four-letter words or backbite about someone to our family and friends, we know this isn’t the God-approved way of letting off steam. In Ramadan, when we want to build our spirituality, we’ve got to wage Jihad against our bad habits.

Try this: get a box and every time you catch yourself swearing or backbiting put some money in it. It could be a buck or less. The point is to choose an amount that makes it feel like punishment.

At the end of the month send the money to a charity or buy a gift for the person whom you’ve backbitten the most against.

7. Call/email your relatives

You’d think that given the easy access to email, competitive long-distance calling rates, phone cards, etc. these days, we’d keep in touch with family and friends more often. But the opposite seems to be the case, as we get caught up in life’s “busyness.”

Strengthening ties with family members and keeping in touch with friends is part of our way of life and an act Allah is very pleased with. This Ramadan, call family and friends or at least email them a Ramadan card and ask them how their fasting is going.

8. Go on a technology diet

Even if you work in the IT industry, you can do this. Avoid checking personal email and surfing the web during your fast. After Iftar, instead of plopping yourself in front of the screen, go to Tarawih. The same goes for the television. The point is to try to give our full attention to spiritual elevation this month.

9. Read 5 minutes of Quran a day…just five, not more, not less

Even if you feel you’ve got absolutely no time, set a timer or the alarm on your cell phone and find a relatively quiet place. You can read the first page of the Quran you open or follow a sequence. The choice is yours. The point is simply to connect with God through His revelation in the month of the Quran.

10. Forgive everyone who has hurt you

Still got a festering wound from the fight with your friend last year? Still upset about something your spouse said during a heated argument? Or are you still bitter about the way your parents sometimes treated you as a kid? Let go of the anger and pain this Ramadan and forgive those who have hurt you. Forgiving someone is not only good for the body, but it’s also great for the soul.

Make Up Your Missed Fasts Easily Before Ramadan: Count, Commit and Commence!

Make Up Your Missed Fasts Easily Before Ramadan: Count, Commit and Commence!

Click to read more: http://productivemuslim.com/make-up-your-missed-fasts/#ixzz3bEdCEw6t
Follow us: @AbuProductive on Twitter | ProductiveMuslim on Facebook

 

 

Photo credit: flickr[dot]com/photos/marfis75

Ramadan is coming up and Alhamdullillah that we are alive to begin preparing for it. Coming up is another chance to earn Allah’s mercy, seek forgiveness for our sins and gather all the barakah that we possibly can. Alhamdullillah!

Unfortunately, I missed fasting during Ramadan last year; I was too sick to even attempt to keep fasts. I was undergoing chemotherapy and my last session was a day before Eid.

But the truth is that these fasts are not the only ones I have missed in my life. Thinking back, I have missed fasts in previous Ramadans, due to traveling, sickness or pregnancy. Some fasts are from a few years back that I have yet to complete.

Yikes! That is a lot of fasts.

Are you in a similar situation like me? The fact is that sisters will inevitably miss fasts due to reasons like pregnancy, breastfeeding and menstruation. If we don’t keep track of these fasts, sooner or later you will lose count of the number of fasts you have missed. What we need is a method to count and a plan to make up missed fasts. Are you feeling a little jittery about the number of fasts that you have to make up? (I know I am!)

Come on, grab a pencil, paper, and a calculator and follow along my simple method for counting missed fasts. We’ll then learn the rulings on when missing fasts is allowed, and explore the various ways in which we can make them up to get make up as many of them as we can before Ramadan, in sha Allah.

Are you ready? Bismillah!

We should first ask ourselves: “Why do I want to or need to make up the missed fasts?”

Allah says:

…Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.” [Qur’an: Chapter 2, Verse 185]

Alhamdulillah, Allah grants us concessions when we are traveling, sick or pregnant, but fasting during Ramadan is obligatory, so we must make up these missed fasts as soon as possible, preferably before the next Ramadan begins. Reminding ourselves of this will renew our intention and make us firm in our aim. If of course, like me, you have missed fasts from many previous years, the first step is to secure your intention to make them up and then count the missed fasts.

Counting Missed Fasts

1) Draw a table with five columns:

‘Year’: the year in which you may have missed fasting

‘Completed Fasts’: how many fasts you did manage to complete that year

‘Missed Fasts’: how many fasts you missed during the Ramadan of that year

‘Reasons for Missed Fasts’: the reason for which you missed the fast (see below)

‘Done’: where you will make a note of missed fasts that have been made up

2) In a vertical list, make rows, writing down the year from which you officially started fasting (the year menstruation began) and end the list at 2014.

3) Now, before we begin calculating the number of missed days, it would help to remind ourselves of the situations that make it permissible to skip fasting during Ramadan. This will refresh our memory and remind us of any circumstances we have faced in past Ramadans that we might have forgotten about.

According to scholars, one is allowed to give up fasting during Ramadan if they are: 

  • sick
  • menstruating
  • traveling
  • pregnant or breastfeeding (if your health does not allow you to continue fasting)
  • in old age
  • suffering from intense hunger or thirst
  • under compulsion

So, with these in mind, start with the most recent year (as it will be the freshest in your mind) and recall if you faced any of these circumstances and write the number of missed days in 2014.

For me, it would be 30. So in the column for “Completed Fasts”, I put 0; for “Missed Fasts”, I put 30 and for “Reasons for Missed Fasts”, I put sickness.

Following these steps, work backwards, thinking of all the reasons that excuse one from fasting and fill in each column. If you didn’t fast during Ramadan due to pregnancy, then simply write the number of days corresponding to the year of birth of your children, with the same method being applied to any years that you were breastfeeding.

It will look something like this:

 

What if you don’t know exactly how many fasts you have missed in the past year?

If you are counting fasts missed from many years, it may be difficult to remember how many you missed and why. In this case, you need to think hard and estimate the most likely number of fasts that you have missed. Generally, sisters are aware of fasts they miss due to menstruation, so these should be fairly easy to remember.

Commit to Making Up Missed Fasts

So, have you finished counting the number of days you did not fast?

Does it look like it’s a lot? Well, mine looks overwhelming too!

But not to worry, in sha Allah, Allah will make easy for us anything we are sincere about, as He says in the Qur’an:

Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope” [Qur’an: Chapter 2, Verse 286]

Let’s begin preparing our game plan on how to reduce this number, in sha Allah. It’s important to remember that it would help to start with small, manageable goals rather than big ones, as the latter have a greater chance of failing.

When I finished chemotherapy and started getting better, I planned to complete missed fasts during the following December, so that all my missed fasts for 2014 would at least be completed.

But I was in for a huge disappointment. I couldn’t do it.

And I blame my failure on my “big” plans more than my health. Had I made small goals and started sooner, I would have been able to manage them!

Organize your timetable and yourself for fasting

Fasting and managing normal life is so much easier in Ramadan, due to the atmosphere of Ramadan, everyone around us is fasting and of course, because the month of Ramadan is filled with Allah’s blessings!

So during the year, if we begin with a focused approach and planning, fasting will not only be easy, but also enjoyable.

1) Mark the days on the calendar in which you plan to fast. Begin now and continue even after Ramadan ends. Fast in small manageable chunks (2 or 3 days a week), to develop a solid routine where you check off fasts that you have made up. Planning in advance will also give you a heads up so you can plan your groceries, cooking and appointments accordingly.

2) Grab a lunar (Islamic) and a solar (Gregorian) calendar. Mark the days on the solar calendar that coincide with al ayyam al beed, the white days (13, 14, 15th of each Islamic month) in the lunar calendar and also prioritise fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, in accordance with the Prophet’s sunnah.

3) Get your dua book ready. This is something that I would really like to do this Ramadan. In this dua book, write down all the duas that you want to make in your own language, for yourself, spouse, children, parents, friends, cousins, the ummah, mankind, any issue that is troubling you and something that you really want. Organize recommended duas from the Qur’an and Sunnah so that you become familiar with them now until they are second nature to you during Ramadan. Try to go through these duas after praying tahhajjud, after salah, on Jumu’ah and after iftar, as duas are readily accepted at these times.

4) Create a “Make Up Missed Fasts” club. This can be easily created both virtually (via Whatsapp groups, Facebook groups etc) and physically in person (with your mother, sisters or friends). Ask sisters whom you know if they also want to make up their fasts. It is so encouraging when others are doing it too; you can motivate each other by taking turns to wake the others for suhoor, check up on how fasting is going, and send duas at Iftar time. You will feel a real sense of sisterhood, In sha Allah!

Commence!

Now you are ready to begin fasting!

The ideal time to make up fasts is during the winter months when the day is shorter. Of course, that is past now, and summer is well and truly settling in. Take this opportunity to get a hang of fasting in Ramadan, as the timings now will be very similar.

Depending on your routine and engagements, you can either fast for a week consecutively or you can break it up and fast on the days mentioned earlier. As you start fasting, keep a tally on the number of fasts in the fifth column of the table titled ‘Done’, starting with 2014 and moving backwards.

Does it all seem a tad overwhelming to you too?

Sometimes when I see my list, it seems just so daunting and I ask myself, “how can I do it?” I don’t really want to die with any fasts pending in my account. But you and I should not and cannot think like this! As long as we really want to do it, Allah will make it easy for us. It may take many months to complete missed fasts from the previous years, but we just need to keep going. Either we succeed or die trying, together in sha Allah.

So come along dear sisters, grab your pens, paper, calendars and du’a books and get to work! May Allah accept our fasts from us and make them easy for us, ameen.
Click to read more: http://productivemuslim.com/make-up-your-missed-fasts/#ixzz3bEd2mBOF
Follow us: @AbuProductive on Twitter | ProductiveMuslim on Facebook

 

Shaban Dos and Donts

Shaban Merits Dos and Donts

Sha’ban is one of the meritorious months for which we find some particular instructions in the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. It is reported in the authentic ahadith that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to fast most of the month in Sha’ban.

These fasts were not obligatory on him but Sha’ban is the month immediately proceeding the month of Ramadan. Therefore, some preparatory measures are suggested by Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Some of these are given below:

1. The blessed companion Anas, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, was asked, “Which fast is the most meritorious after the fasts of Ramadan?” He replied, “Fasts of Shaban in honor of Ramadan.”

2. The blessed companion Usama ibn Zaid, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that he asked Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam: “Messenger of Allah, I have seen you fasting in the month of Sha’ban so frequently that I have never seen you fasting in any other month.” Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, replied: “That (Sha’ban) is a month between Rajab and Ramadan which is neglected by many people. And it is a month in which an account of the deeds (of human beings) is presented before the Lord of the universe, so, I wish that my deeds be presented at a time when I am in a state of fasting.”

3. Ummul Mu’mineen ‘Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, says, “Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to fast the whole of Sha’ban. I said to him, ‘Messenger of Allah, is Sha’ban your most favorite month for fasting?’ He said, ‘In this month Allah prescribes the list of the persons dying this year. Therefore, I like that my death comes when I am in a state of fasting.”

4. In another Tradition she says, “Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, would sometimes begin to fast continuously until we thought he would not stop fasting, and sometimes he used to stop fasting until we thought he would never fast. I never saw the Messenger of Allah, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, fasting a complete month, except the month of Ramadan, and I have never seen him fasting in a month more frequently than he did in Sha’ban.”

5. In another report she says, “I never saw the Messenger of Allah, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, fasting in a month so profusely as he did in the month of Sha’ban. He used to fast in that month leaving only a few days, rather, he used to fast almost the whole of the month.”

6. Ummul-Mu’mineen Umm Salamah, Radi-Allahu anha, says: “I have never seen the Messenger of Allah fasting for two months continuously except in the months of Sha’ban and Ramadan.”

These reports indicate that fasting in the month of Sha’ban, though not obligatory, is so meritorious that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, did not like to miss it.

But it should be kept in mind that the fasts of Sha’ban are for those persons only who are capable of keeping them without causing deficiency in the obligatory fasts of Ramadan. Therefore, if one fears that after fasting in Sha’ban, he will lose strength or freshness for the fasts of Ramadan and will not be able to fast in it with freshness; he should not fast in Sha’ban, because the fasts of Ramadan, being obligatory, are more important than the optional fasts of Sha’ban. That is why Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, himself has forbidden the Muslims from fasting one or two days immediately before the commencement of Ramadan.

The blessed Companion Abu Hurairah, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to have said, “Do not fast after the first half of the month of Sha’ban is gone.”

According to another report Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam has said: “Do not precede the month of Ramadan with one or two fasts.”

The essence of the above-quoted ahadith is that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, himself used to fast most of the month of Sha’ban, because he had no fear of developing weakness or weariness before the commencement of Ramadan. As for others, he ordered them not to fast after the 15th of Sha’ban for the fear that they would lose their strength and freshness before Ramadan starts, and would not be able to welcome the month of Ramadan with enthusiasm.

Sha’ban is one of the meritorious months for which we find some particular instructions and (6)Ahaadaith in the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. It is reported in the authentic ahadith that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to fast most of the month in Sha’ban.  The blessed companion Anas, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam was asked, “Which fast is the most meritorious after the fasts of Ramadan?” He replied, “Fasts of Shaban in honor of Ramadan.”  Ummul-Mu’mineen Umm Salamah, Radi-Allahu anhu says: “I have never seen the Messenger of Allah fasting for two months continuously except in the months of Sha’ban and Ramadan.” These reports indicate that fasting in the month of Sha’ban, though not obligatory, is so meritorious that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, did not like to miss it. In mid of Sha’ban Allaa will forgive those whom their hearts are pure.

For the Preparation for RamadanAre you ready for Ramadan? Fasting in Shaban to Honor and prepare for Ramadan. We should empower ourselves by learning as much as we can about the precise laws as well as the benefits AND the blessing of fasting and the month of Ramadan and welcome it.  We must embrace the spirit of fasting to be charitable and compassionate as much as we can. Fasting is one of the pillars of Islam. It is a gift from our Creator. Fasting is a shield, Punishment for not Fasting without any proper excuse! How to boost up your spirits for this Ramdan, Why we must plan for Ramdan? Common Mistakes during Ramadan, Do’s and Don’ts of Fasting, Set your goals for this Ramadan, Lailat ul-Qadr (The Night of Power), The Power of DUA!, Health tips for the month of Ramadan, Seven Strategies to Train Kids this Ramadan, 15 ways to make Ramadan special for your Kids,

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fasting in Shaban to Honor Ramadan

Fasting is a spiritual act of worship, which elevates one to the rank of angels, as one abstains from eating, drinking, and sexual relations from dawn until sunset.

In general, a Muslim should fast some days every now and then; in these days, one abstains from worldly matters, strengthens his or her resolution, and purifies his or her soul.

However, no authentic hadiths are stated indicating that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) recommended fasting in the month of Rajab, nor did he forbid fasting in it, according to Imam An-Nawawi, who added that fasting in general is recommended.  Still, it is recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) recommended fasting during the Four Sacred Months, among which is the month of Rajab.

As for the month of Sha`ban, there are authentic hadiths about the virtue of fasting during it, among which the hadith recorded in Sahih Muslim on the authority of `A’ishah who said, “Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) used to observe fasting (continuously) that we would say he would not break fasting, and he used not to fast (continuously) until we would say he would not fast. And I did not see Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) completing the fast of a month, except Ramadan, and I did not see him fasting more in any other month than in Sha`ban.”  The hadith indicates that the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast many days in Sha`ban that `A’ishah said in another narration, “He [the Prophet] used to fast (almost) all of Sha`ban; he used to fast Sha`ban except for few (days).”

Except for these two months, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) used to observe fasting continuously to the extent that people would say that he would not break fasting.

He also used to keep breaking the fast for many consecutive days to the extent that people would say that he would not fast.

So the matter depends on feeling comfortable and devoted to worship without feeling bored or weary. That is why the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Do (good) deeds that are within your capacity, as Allah never gets tired of giving rewards until you get tired of doing good deeds.”

He (peace and blessings be upon him) also said,“The most beloved deed to Allah is the one its doer performs regularly even if it were little.”

Are you Ready for Ramadan?

Before embarking on a journey, most travelers will prepare for it either physically or mentally. Since Ramadan is just around the corner, here is a quick checklist to better prepare ourselves for this journey of test…..Let’s start from head to toe:

1. Head (Brain) – Are our minds clear on what are we expected or required to do and why?

a. YES. (it’s the third pillar of ISLAM and to seek ALLAH’s mercy and love).

b. NO.. (check again..!! This is not a joke!).

2. Eyes – Are we ready to even lower our gazes further?..

a. YES.. (Hopefully, our eyes will be “shut” to anything “haram” even more than our normal days)…

b. NO… (please get hold of a blindfold!)..

3. Ears – Are we ready not to listen to anything but only good such AL QURAN recital, religious speeches etc.?

a. YES.. (All radio and television programs are tuned to ISLAMIC channels).

b. NO… (Earplug anybody?).

4. Mouth – Are we going to blabber unnecessarily?

a. YES.. (Silence is golden applied here).

b. NO… (Alhumdulilah, only Qur’anic verses will come out from the mouth this Ramadan!..SURE?..TRY no harm trying, Insha’Allah).

5. Heart – Are we doing it for the sake of ALLAH SWT alone or are we doing it to loose weight?..

a. YES… (Only ALLAH will know our true “niat” (our intentions) and feeling).

b. NO…. (Throw that weighing scale, diet manual, exercise machine…clean your heart and focus)..

6. Hands – Are we going to give alms, zakat and be helpful (lending a hand)..?

a. YES.. (Alhumdulilah, make sure what the right hand gives the left hand does not know).

b) NO… (Cut your hand..(KIDDING)..ISLAM is not cruel! Just do not do any harm to others with your hands).

7. Private Part – Lets keep this very private..however for those who are married please exercise restrain? Those who are not married …DON’T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT (period!)..

a. YES.. (Alhumdulilah fasting is not only avoiding eating or drinking but to curb our other lusts too).

b. NO… (I do not know what to say….will chastity belts for both men and women do?)..

8. Legs – Are we going an extra mile to make sure our legs are going to ferry us to and fro the mosque?

a. YES.. (Every step to the mosque is a blessing for us).

b. NO… (get ready the chain..?).

Now if your answers are all YES (except for question 4) then you are ready to embark on this “tough” 30 days journey…..If not please go to your nearest convenient store and do a restocking fast!!

I wish all Muslims the best of IMAN and happy travelling. Rasulullah (saw) ever mentioned that there are some who fast but gain nothing, only hunger and thirst..we do not want to be in these category. 

 

 

Preparation for Ramadan

Allah Almighty says, [The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong).] (Al-Baqarah 2: 185)

Every Muslim should prepare himself to welcome the blessed month of Ramadan by strengthening his relationship with the Qur’an, busing himself with the spirit of fasting, and recharging his spiritual battery to prepare himself to make the whole blessed month of Ramadan a real occasion of sincere obedience.

Ramadan is an event that occurs in the life of the faithful, as individuals and as an Ummah, once a year. It is intended by Allah to help us to recharge our spiritual batteries and thus prepare us for the great mission of realizing His will on earth. Therefore, in order to benefit from Ramadan, we may do well to prepare for it by opening our hearts and minds to embrace it. Let me offer a few tips:

1. We should empower ourselves by learning as much as we can about the precise laws as well as the benefits of fasting.

2. We should ensure that we gain true benefits from our fasting, let us make sure to realize the spirit of fasting: this can only be done by abstaining, not only from food, drink, and sex, but also by strictly restraining our minds, hearts as well as our eyes, ears, hands, tongue, and so on.

3. We must embrace the spirit of fasting as stressed in Hadith: to be charitable and compassionate as much as we can.

4. We should strengthen our relationship with the Qur’an; for Ramadan is the month of the Qur’an.

5. We should engage in dhikr and condition ourselves to make it second nature.

6. Last but not least, we should build up our community through acts of charity and compassion and extending help to those in needs as much as we can.

Let us pray that we come out of Ramadan with our faith recharged, gaining strength in our faith and commitment and relationship with Allah.

Special merits of Shaban

Special merits of Shaban

Good Deed: Purify your heart

 

26:88-89 (Y. Ali) The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, But only he (will prosper) that brings to Allah a sound heart;

2:10 (Y. Ali) In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease: And grievous is the penalty they (incur), because they are false (to themselves).

5:52 (Y. Ali) Those in whose hearts is a disease – thou seest how eagerly they run about amongst them, saying: “We do fear lest a change of fortune bring us disaster.” Ah! perhaps Allah will give (thee) victory, or a decision according to His will. Then will they repent of the thoughts which they secretly harbored in their hearts.

9:125 (Y. Ali) But those in whose hearts is a disease,- it will add doubt to their doubt, and they will die in a state of Unbelief.

47:29 (Y. Ali) Or do those in whose hearts is a disease, think that Allah will not bring to light all their rancor?

Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) said: “A group of people will enter Jannah – their hearts are like the hearts of the birds.” (Muslim)

Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) said: “Lo! Verily, there is in the body a small piece of flesh; if it is good, the whole body is good, and if it is corrupted, the whole body is corrupted; lo! it is the heart”(Bukhari) Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) said “Verily, Allah looks not at your bodies nor at your faces but He looks at your hearts.”(Muslim)

 

 

Action Plan

The Heart

Allah subhanahu wa t’ala says, “On that day nothing will benefit the human being, neither wealth nor children, only the one who brings Allah a sound heart.” A sound heart is one that is free of defects and spiritual blemishes. Though the spiritual heart is centered in the physical heart, the heart being referred to here is the spiritual heart, not the physical heart. In ancient Chinese medicine, the heart houses what is known as “chen” which is “a spirit.” The Chinese character for “thinking,” “thought,” “love,” “virtue,” and “intending to listen” all contain the ideogram for the heart. In fact, in every culture in the world, people use metaphors that deal with the heart; in English, we call people who are cruel, “hard-hearted people.” There is also the idea of having “a cold heart” and “a warm heart.” People who do not hide their emotions well “wear their hearts on their sleeves.” When deeply affected, we say, “he affected me in my heart” or “in my core.” In fact, the English word “core” means “inner most,” and in Arabic, the equivalent “lub” comes from the Latin word, meaning “heart.” Thus, the core of the human being is indeed the heart. The word “courage” also comes from the same root word as for “heart” because courage is centered in the heart. The most ancient Indo-European word for heart means “that which leaps.” The heart leaps or beats in the breast of man. For example, people say, “my heart skipped a beat” in reaction to seeing somebody. Many such metaphors are used for the heart.

Three Types of People

The ancients were aware of the spiritual diseases of the heart, and this is certainly at the essence of the Islamic teaching. One of the first things the Qur’an does is define three types of people: the mu’minun, the kafirun, and the munafiqun. The mu’minun are people whose hearts are alive while thekafirun are people whose hearts are dead. The munafiqun are people who have a disease or a sickness in their hearts; thus, Allah subhanahu wa t’alasays, “In their hearts is a disease, and they were increased in their disease.” This is also in accordance with another verse: “When their hearts deviated, Allah made them deviate further.” When somebody turns away from Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala, Allah subhanahu wa t’ala causes them to deviate even further from the truth.

 

The Heart and the Brain

The actual physical heart in our breast beats about 100,000 times a day, pumping two gallons of blood per minute, 100 gallons per hour, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year for an entire lifetime! The vascular system that sends this life-giving blood is over 60,000 miles long: it is more than two times the circumference of the earth. Furthermore, it is interesting to note that the heart starts beating before the brain is formed; the heart begins to beat without any central nervous system. The dominant theory was that the central nervous system is what is controlling the entire human being from the brain, yet we know now that in fact the nervous system does not initiate the heartbeat. It is actually self-initiated; we would say, it is initiated by Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala.

The heart is the centre of the human being. Many people think the brain is the centre of consciousness, yet the Qur’an clearly states, “They have hearts that they are not able to understand with.” According to the Muslims, the centre of human consciousness is the heart and not the brain itself, and it is only recently that human beings have learned there are over 40,000 neurons in the heart; in other words, there are cells in the heart that are communicating. Now, it is understood that there is two-way communication between the brain and the heart: the brain sends messages to the heart, but the heart also sends messages to the brain. The brain receives these messages from the heart, which reach the amygdala and the thalamus. The cortex receives input from the amygdala and thalamus that it processes to produce emotion; the new cortex relates to learning and reasoning. These processes are recent discoveries, and although we do not fully understand them, we do know that the heart is an extremely sophisticated organ.

According to the hadith, the heart is a source of knowledge. The Prophet,sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said that wrong action is what irritates the heart. Thus, the heart actually knows wrong actions, and this is one of the reasons why people can do terrible things, but, ultimately, they are affected negatively. In Crime and Punishment, the brilliant Russian author Dostoevsky indicates that crime itself is the perpetrator’s punishment because human beings have to live with the result of their actions: their souls are affected. When people do something against the heart, they act against the soul, and that actually affects human beings to the degree that they will go into a state of spiritual agitation, and people will use many ways to cover this up. This is whatkufur is: “kufur” means “covering up.” To hide their agitation, people use alcohol, drugs, and sexual experimentation; they also seek power, wealth, and fame, taking themselves into a state of heedlessness, submerging themselves into the ephemeral world which causes them to forget their essential nature and to forget their hearts. Thus, people become cut off from their hearts.

Wrong Actions Sicken the Heart

One of the things about being cut off from the heart is that the more cut off from the heart one becomes, the sicker the heart grows because the heart needs nourishment, and heedlessness starves the spiritual heart.

When one goes into a state of unawareness of Allah and the akhira, one becomes unaware of the infinite world in relation to the finite world, unaware that we are in this world for a temporary period. When we look at the infinite world in relation to the finite world, suddenly our concerns become focused on the infinite world and not on the finite world. On the other hand, when people are completely immersed within the finite world, believing that they will be here forever, believing that they will not be taken to account for their actions, this action in and of itself ultimately leads to the spiritual death of the hearts. However, before it dies and becomes putrid and completely foul, the heart will show many symptoms. These are the spiritual diseases of the hearts.

Shubahat and Shahawat: Two Types of Diseases

There are two types of diseases of the heart. The first are called shubahat, and these are diseases that relate to understanding. For instance, if somebody is fearful of his provision from Allah, afraid he will not get his food for the day, then there is a disease in his heart because a sound heart has complete trust in Allah subhanahu wa t’ala, and a sick heart has doubt. For this reason, a sound heart does not worry. It is the nafs (ego),shaytanhawa (caprice), and dunya(the love of this ephemeral world) that lead to this state of fear or of anxiety. The heart in [and] of itself is an organ designed to be in a state of stillness, but the stillness will only come about by the remembrance of Allah subhanahu wa t’ala. The Qur’an states, “Isn’t it by the dhikr of Allah that the heart is stilled?” This is what the heart wants: it wants to remember Allah subhanahu wa t’ala. When Allah is not remembered, the heart goes into a state of agitation: it goes in a state of turmoil, and it becomes diseased because it is not being fed. Just as we need to breathe because cells need life-giving oxygen and if we stop breathing, cells die, similarly, the heart also needs to breathe, and the breath of the heart is the remembrance of Allah subhanahu wa t’alaDhikr is what feeds and nourishes the heart. The company of good people is the food and exercise of the heart. All of these things are necessary for the heart to be sound and healthy, and this is basically the purpose of Revelation. The Qur’an has come to remind people that our hearts need nourishment. Thus, Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala tells us that the human being who will be in a good state in the next world is the one who brings a sound heart.

When we are born, we enter the world in a state of fitra: the original inherent nature of the human being; then we learn to be anxious. We learn anxiety from our mothers, fathers, and society. Thus, the Qur’an says that the human being is created in a state of anxiety (hala’), and the one group of people who are removed from this state of anxiety are the musallin: the people of prayer. This “prayer” is not the five daily obligatory prayers; rather, it is the prayer of people who are always in a state of prayer (dhikr); they are always in a state of connection with Allah subhanahu wa t’ala, and this is the highest station. This is the station of people who are not diverted from the remembrance of Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala by buying, commerce, or anything else. They are the ones who remember Allah subhanahu wa t’ala, as the Qur’an states, “standing, sitting, and reclining on their sides.” These are the people who are not the people of heedlessness (ghafla).

The second type of the diseases of the heart is called shahawat, and these are the base desires of the self. For instance, food and sex are shahawat; they are appetites. These become diseases when they grow out of proportion from their natural states. In Islam, we have a method or a means by which our hearts can be remedied and return to their sound state again. The dhikr that the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did more than any other dhikr was “Oh Turner-Overer of the hearts, make my heart firm on your deen,” and it is important that Muslims be reminded of this.

The Text: Mat-hartul Qulub

In Arabic, “Mat-hara” is ism makaan (a noun of place), and it means “a tool oftahara (purification),” and that is what Mat-hartul Qulub is. This text is the alchemy of the heart: it explains how to transform the heart. Mat-hartul Qulubwas written by a great scholar, Shaykh Muhammad Maulud al-Musawir al-Ya’qubi from Mauritania. He was a brilliant scholar of West Africa who mastered all of the Islamic sciences as well as the inward sciences of Islam. He wrote this didactic poem in order to teach people the means to purify their hearts because he looked around and realized that everybody he saw had a diseased heart. Though he recognized the benefit in learning the abstract sciences of Islam, such as grammar, rhetoric, and logic, he felt that people may not have a great deal of need for that knowledge given the fact that on the Day of Judgment, the heart is the only thing about which we will be asked. The state of our hearts is the only thing that may benefit us because “actions are by intentions” as thehadith states. Since all our actions are rooted in intentions, and the place of intention is the heart, every action we do is rooted in our hearts. Thus, in reality when we are asked about our actions, we are asked about the intentions behind the actions, and given the fact that intentions emanate from the heart, what we are actually being asked about is the human heart.

When Shaykh Muhammad Maulud realized this, he said that suddenly Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala inspired him to write this text, and he based it upon many of the previous texts that had gone before, such as the last book of theIhya ‘Ulumudin by Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali.

Rectification Begins with the Self

If we look at the world today, the tribulations, the trials, and every war that we have, we will see that every bit of human suffering is rooted in human hearts. The reason people are aggressive against other people is due to diseases of the heart: covetousness, the desire to conquer, the desire to exploit other people, and the desire to steal their natural resources are all from diseases of the heart. A sound heart cannot commit such acts. Every murderer, every rapist, every idolater, every foul person, every person showing an act of cruelty has a diseased heart because these actions emanate from diseased hearts. If the hearts were sound, none of these actions would be a reality. Therefore, if we wish to change our world, we cannot go about it by attempting to rectify the outward; rather, we change the world by rectifying the inward because it is the inward that precedes the outward.

In reality, everything that we see outside of us comes from the unseen world. The phenomenal world emerges from the unseen world, and all actions emerge from the unseen realm of our hearts. Thus, if we want to rectify our actions, we must first rectify our hearts. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the famous American preacher and civil rights activist, said that in order for people to condemn injustice, they have to follow four stages: the first stage is that they must ascertain that injustices are indeed being perpetrated. People must point out the injustices, and in his case, it was injustices against the African-American people in the United States. The second stage is to negotiate: people must go to the oppressors and demand justice. If the oppressors refuse, then Dr. King said that the third stage is self-purification. He said that we must ask ourselves, are we ourselves wrongdoers? Are we ourselves oppressors? The final stage is to take action once we have looked into ourselves.

One of the things the Muslims of the modern world fail to recognize is that when we look at all of the terrible things that are happening to us, we often refuse to look at ourselves and ask ourselves, why are these things happening to us? If we ask that in all sincerity, the answer will come back in no uncertain terms that this is all from our own selves. We have brought all of the suffering upon ourselves. This is the only empowering position that we can take, and this is the Quranic position. Allah subhanahu wa t’ala says quite clearly that He places some of the oppressors over other oppressors because of what their hands were earning. According to Fakharudin ar-Razi’s explanation, radi Allahu ‘anhu, this verse means that whenever there is oppression in the earth, it is a result of other people’s oppression. Thus, those people who are being aggressed upon are being oppressed because of their own oppression. However, this is obviously with the exception of tribulation.

There are definitely times when themu’minun are tried, but if they respond accordingly with patience and perseverance, Allah subhanahu wa t’ala always gives them victory.

The Impure Oppress and the Pure Elevate

There is no doubt that the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the sahabawere being oppressed when they were in Makkah, but Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala later gave them victory. Within 23 years, the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was not only no longer oppressed, he had conquered the entire Arabian peninsula, and all of the people who had previously oppressed him were begging him for mercy. Even though they deserved to be recompensed with punishment, the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam forgave them, and this is the difference between somebody whose heart is pure and somebody whose heart is impure. The impure people oppress, and the pure people not only forgive their oppressors, they actually conquer them by the power of Allahsubhanahu wa t’ala, and then they elevate them. This is what Muslims must recognize: the only solution to all of our problems is that we have to purify ourselves, and this is what Mat-hartul Qulub is about; it is a book of self-purification. If we take this book seriously, work on our hearts, and actually implement what we learn from it, we will begin to see changes in our lives, around us, and within our own family dynamics. It is a blessing that we have this book and that this teaching still exists in our community. All that is left is for us to take this teaching upon ourselves and to take it seriously.

Medicine for the Diseased Heart

If you use the techniques that are given by the imams, you will see results. However, it is just as the prescription that the doctor gives you: the doctor can only write the prescription; he can give you the medicine, but he cannot force you to take the medicine. It is left for us to take the medicine. The imams have given us the medicine: our teaching is there; it is clear; it does work; and we can change ourselves with it. If we do, Allah subhanahu wa t’ala has promised that we will be rewarded in this world and in the next. Thus, all that is left for us to do now is to go through these diseases and then set out to implement their cures in sha Allah.

 

Hasad- Evil Eye and Envy

On the authority of Abu Huraira (ra) who said: The Messenger of Allah (saw) said

“Do not be envious of one another; do not artificially raise prices against one another; do not hate one another; do not turn one’s back on each other; and do not undercut one another in business transactions. And be, [O] servants of Allah, brethren. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He does not wrong him. He does not fail him [when he needs him]. He does not lie to him. And he does not show contempt for him. Piety is here” – and he pointed to his chest three times.

“It is enough of evil for a person to hold his brother Muslim in contempt. All of a Muslim is inviolable to another Muslim: his blood, his wealth and his honor.” Recorded by Muslim

 

…If the Muslims were to apply the sublime teachings of this hadith, there would be a great change and improvement in their interrelationships and love for one another.

This disease of the heart and the sin which is known as hasad was one of the first sins ever committed. It was one of the main things that drove Satan away from his Lord. In fact, two aspects drove Satan to the horrendous situation that he is in today: pride and envy… In addition, the people with whom Allah is displeased and those who have gone astray, the Jews and the Christians, are people of hasad. Hence, any time a Muslim has this characteristic, he is taking on one of the characteristics of the people whom Allah despises…[See al-Baqara 109].

According to ibn Taimiya, hasad is always accompanied by hatred. This is one of the evils of hasad. First the person is envious of the other person. After some time, this envy develops into hatred. [Ibn Taimiya, Majmu vol. 10, p. 127. Also see al-Duhami, Al-Hath ala Salamah al-Sadr (Riyadh: Dar al-Watn, 1416 A.H.), pp. 38-39.]

Hasad is a kind of opposition or discontent with what Allah has decreed…he is putting his religion into a dangerous and precarious position. He is practically declaring himself a better decision maker than Allah. [Ibn Uthaymin, Sharh Riyadh, vol. 4, p. 704.]

The Messenger of Allah (saw) said,

“Iman and hasad do not gather together in the heart of a slave [of Allah].”

[Recorded by al-Nasai. According to al-Albani, it is sahih. See al-Albani, Sahih al-Jami, vol. 2, p. 1262.]

According to ibn Uthaymin, one of the strong signs that a person is inflicted with the disease of hasad is that he always tries to conceal the virtues and goodness of others. He does not like it when others talk about the good that a person has done. He remains silent and pretends like he does not know of the good that the other one has done. A true believer who is free of hasad likes it when good things are said about others and when the good deeds of others are appreciated and spoken about…He has no envy in his heart for what Allah has bestowed upon the others and, therefore, he spreads that good news to others. [Ibn Uthaymin, Sharh Riyadh, vol. 4, p. 707.] This sign that ibn Uthaymin has explicitly mentioned should be considered a type of subtle sign that people may not notice in themselves. They must take note of this sign and repel it as quickly as possible as it is a stepping stone to the greater forms of hasad.

With respect to that feeling of hasad, people can be divided into the following categories:

1. There are some people who actively work to remove that bounty from the other person, without necessarily destroying the bounty itself. By their speech and their actions they will wrongly do whatever they can to bring an end to the other person’s blessing from Allah.

2. There are others who do not just seek to remove that bounty from the other person, but they also work to get the bounty for themselves.

3. The worst are those who simply wish to destroy the bounty, regardless of whether they themselves get it or if it is simply destroyed. They only want to destroy that blessing because it was not given to them in the first place.

4. There are those who cannot remove the feeling of envy from their souls. They cannot control it but they do not like it and wish they could remove it. Those people, Allah willing, are not sinful for their state that they cannot control. According to ibn al-Qayyim, the evil of hasad comes about when the person acts upon his hasad, even if just in his heart. This is why Allah guides the Muslims not to simply seek refuge of the envious one, but to seek refuge of the envious one when he is being envious. Allah says, “From the evil of the envious one when he envies” (al-Falaq 5). [Quoted in al-Salihi, vol. 6, p. 529.]

5. There are also those who, although they do not act upon their hasad, willingly have thoughts of envy, are pleased with them and continue to think in such a manner while putting up no resistance to such evil thoughts as removing blessings from one’s brother. This person is like a person who is dead set upon committing a sin.

There is a difference of opinion among the scholars concerning whether this kind of person is a sinner or not.

Al-Haitami says that such a person is definitely a sinner. [Al-Haitami, Fath, p. 249.] Ibn Rajab, furthermore, points out that such a person is rarely safe from doing some wrong act against his brother out of spite and envy. Therefore, in the end, he may definitely become sinful in action, without question. [Ibn Rajab, Jami, vol. 2, p. 262.]

6. Another group of people recognize the hasad that exists within them. They do their best to remove that hasad from themselves and to treat the one they are envious of in the best possible fashion. They pray for the person; they tell others of his goodness and of the bounties that Allah has bestowed upon him. They remove that hasad to the extent that they love their Muslim brother and they love that Allah has blessed him and bestowed him and bestowed His bounties upon him. This category of people are among the people of the highest level of faith, they love for their brothers what they love for themselves. [Ibn Rajab, Jami, vol. 2, p. 263.]

 

 

 

Beware of Jealousy

Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds. Peace and blessings be upon the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayihi wa sallam), his household and companions.

“Beware of jealousy, for verily it destroys good deeds the way fire destroys wood.”

Hasad (jealousy and envy) is among the most destructive emotions or feeling which a man may have towards his fellow human being. It causes him to wish evil for others and to be happy when misfortune befalls them. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) warned against envy by comparing it to fire that completely burns the wood.

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Beware of jealousy, for verily it destroys good deeds the way fire destroys wood.” [Abu Dawud]

Hasad is a disease of the heart and it causes impurity to the heart, when Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was asked who are the best of people? He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) replied: “The one with a clean heart and truthful tongue.”They asked: ‘We understand a truthful tongue, but what does a clean heart mean?’ he answered: ‘It is the heart of one that is pious, pure, and is free of sin, transgressions, hatred and Hasad.” [Ibn Majah]

Hasad is such a dangerous characteristic that Allah revealed verses of the Qur’an to be recited as a protection from the jealous,

“Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the dawn… from the evil of envious when he envies.” [Surah al-Falaq (113): 1]

At-Tirmîdhî narrated from al-Zubayr Ibn al-Awam that the Prophet (sallallâhû alaihi wa-sallam) said: “There has come to you the disease of the nations before you, jealousy and hatred. This is the ‘shaver’ (destroyer); I do not say that it shaves hair, but that it shaves (destroys) faith…” [(Hasan) Jamî at- Tirmîdhî (2434)]

Hasad can cause the person to indulge in disbelief because it causes the individual to feel that Allah has not been fair with him; he forgets all the mercy and blessings which Allah has bestowed upon him. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “They are enemies for Allah’s bounties.” They asked: “Who are they?” He said: “Those who envy people for what Allah has given them of Bounty.” [at-Tabarani]

Allah through His Absolute Wisdom has given some people more wealth, intelligence, beauty, strength, children, etc. than others. The believing Muslim should be content with what Allah has destined for him.

Allah says: “Allah favored some of you over others with wealth and properties… Do they deny the favors of Allah?” [Surah an-Nahl (16): 71]

And: “Do they envy men for what Allah has given them of His Bounty?” [Surah an-Nisa (4): 54]

“It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some may employ others in their work. But the mercy of your Lord is better.” [Surah az-Zukhruf (43): 32]

meaning mercy of Allah is better than the convenience of the world. The materials of this life do not make one superior to another in Allah’s Judgment. True superiority lies in Taqwa (righteousness, fear of Allah).

He said: “Surely, the most noble of you to Allah is the most God-fearing.”[Surah al-Hujurat (49): 13]

“And the Hereafter with Your Lord is (only) for those who have Taqwa.” [Surah az-Zukhruf (43): 35]

What belongs to the transient world is of no significance before Allah. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “If this world were worth a mosquito’s wing before Allah, He would not give a disbeliever a drink of water.” [At-Tirmidhi]

The favors of Allah in the world are a test; the more the favors, the more the tests. Al-Hasan al-Basri said: “Umar Ibn Khattab wrote this letter to Abu Musa al-Ash’ari, ‘Be content with your provision in this world, for the Most Merciful has honored some of His servants over others in terms of provision as a test of both. The one who has been given plenty is being tested to see if he will give thanks to Allah and fulfill the duties which are his by virtue of his wealth…” [Ibn Hatim]

Allah, the Exalted, has therefore forbidden us from desiring what other have,“Do not wish for what we have favored some of you over others.” [Surah an-Nisa (4): 32]

In order to discourage envy, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Do not look to those above you. Look to those below you, as it will more likely remind you of Allah’s favors bestowed on you.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim] On another occasion, he said: “If one of you looks at someone wealthier and better built than him, he should also look at someone of lower standard than himself.” [Sahih Muslim]

 

وقفات تربوية مع شهر شعبان

Shaban وقفات تربوية مع شهر شعبان

عبد الله الحامد


أيام مضت وشهور انقضت ودار التاريخ دورته ، فأقبلت الأيام المباركة تبشر بقدوم شهر القرآن ، وبين يدي هذا القدوم يهل علينا شهر شعبان ، مذكراً جميع المسلمين بما يحمله لهم من خير ، والمسلم يعلم أن شهر شعبان ما هو إلا واحد من شهور السنة (إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا﴾ ولكن المسلم يشعر أن لشهر شعبان مذاقاً خاصاً فيفرح بقدومه ويستبشر به خيراً، قال الله تعالى: \”يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُمْ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ * قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ َ\” ومن هنا كانت تلك الوقفات التربوية مع هذا الشهر الكريم .
 

(1) مكانة الشهر :

فهو الشهر الذي يتشعب فيه خير كثير؛ من أجل ذلك اختصَّه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بعبادة تفضِّله على غيره من الشهور ، ولذلك يتميز شهر شعبان بأنه شهر الحبيب المصطفى صلى الله عليه وسلم، فهو الشهرٌ الذي أحبَّه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، وفضَّله على غيره من الشهور، فقد روى الإمام أحمد عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال: \”كان رسول الله يصوم ولا يفطر حتى نقول: ما في نفس رسول الله أن يفطر العام، ثم يفطر فلا يصوم حتى نقول: ما في نفسه أن يصوم العام، وكان أحب الصوم إليه في شعبان\” ووقفتنا التربوية هنا : هل تحب ما أحب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وهل تجد في نفسك الشوق لهذا الشهر كما وجده الحبيب؟ وهل تجعل حبك للأشياء مرتبطاً بما يحب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ هو اختبار عملي في أن تحب ما يحب الله ورسوله \” لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى يكون هواه تبعاً لما جئت به \” .

(2) عرض الأعمال :

وهو الشهر الذي فيه تُرفع الأعمال إليه سبحانه وتعالى؛ فقد روى الترمذي والنسائي عن أُسَامَة بْن زَيْدٍ من حديث النبي صلي الله عليه وسلم \” .. وَهُوَ شَهْرٌ تُرْفَعُ فِيهِ الأَعْمَال إِلى رَبِّ العَالمِينَ، فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يُرْفَعَ عملي وَأَنَا صَائِمٌ\”؛ ففي هذا الشهر يتكرَّم الله على عباده بتلك المنحة عظيمة؛ منحة عرض الأعمال عليه سبحانه وتعالى، وبالتالي قبوله ما شاء منها، وهنا يجب أن تكون لنا وقفة تربوية ، فإن شهر شعبان هو الموسم الختامي لصحيفتك وحصاد أعمالك عن هذا العام ، فبم سيُختم عامك؟ ثم ما الحال الذي تحب أن يراك الله عليه وقت رفع الأعمال؟ وبماذا تحب أن يرفع عملك إلى الله ؟ هي لحظة حاسمة في تاريخ المرء، يتحدد على أساسها رفع أعمال العام كله إلى المولى تبارك وتعالى القائل \” إليه يصعد الكلم الطيب والعمل الصالح يرفعه \” ، فهل تحب أن يرفع عملك وأنت في طاعة للمولى وثبات على دينه وفي إخلاص وعمل وجهاد وتضحية ، أم تقبل أن يرفع عملك وأنت في سكون وراحة وقعود وضعف همة وقلة بذل وتشكيك في دعوة وطعن في قيادة ، راجع نفسك أخي الحبيب وبادر بالأعمال الصالحة قبل رفعها إلى مولاها في شهر رفع الأعمال.
 

(3) الحياء من الله
 
ففي الحديث السابق بعد آخر يجب أن نقف معه وقفة تربوية، فالناظر إلى حال الحبيب صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في شعبان، يظهر له أكمل الهدي في العمل القلبي والبدني في شهر شعبان ، ويتجسد الحياء من الله ونظره إليه بقوله \” وأحب أن يرفع عملي وأنا صائم\” ففي الحديث قمة الحياء من الله عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بألا يراه الله إلا صائماً، وهذا هو أهم ما يجب أن يشغلك أخي المسلم ، أن تستحي من نظر الله إليك ، تستحي من نظره لطاعات قدمتها امتلأت بالتقصير، ولذلك قال بعض السلف: \”إما أن تصلي صلاة تليق بالله جل جلاله، أو أن تتخذ إلهًا تليق به صلاتك\”، وتستحي من أوقات قضيتها في غير ذكر لله ، وتستحي من أعمال لم تخدم بها دينه ودعوته ، وتستحي من همم وطاقات وإمكانيات وقدرات لم تستنفذها في نصرة دينه وإعزاز شريعته ، وتستحي من قلم وفكر لم تسخره لنشر رسالة الإسلام والرد عنه ، وتستحي من أموال ونعم بخلت بها عن دعوة الله ، وتستحي من كل ما كتبته الملائكة في صحيفتك من تقاعس وتقصير، وتستحي من كل ما يراه الله في صحيفتك من سوءات وعورات ، كل ذلك وغيره يستوجب منك أخي الحبيب الحياء من الله والخشية منه .

(4) مغفرة الذنوب :
 
فإن شهر شعبان هو شهر المنحة الربانية التي يهبها الله لأمة محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم؛ فإن لله في أيام دهركم أيامًا وأشهرًا يتفضَّل بها الله عباده بالطاعات والقربات، ويتكرَّم بها على عباده بما يعدُّه لهم من أثر تلك العبادات، وهو هديةٌ من رب العالمين إلى عباده الصالحين؛ ففيه ليلة عظيمة هي ليلة النصف من شعبان، عظَّم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم شأنها في قوله: \”يطّلع الله تبارك وتعالى إلى خلقه ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلاَّ لمشرك أو مشاحن\”، هي فرصة تاريخية لكل مخطئ ومقصر في حق الله ودينه ودعوته وجماعته ، وهي فرصة لمحو الأحقاد من القلوب تجاه إخواننا ، فلا مكان هنا لمشاحن وحاقد وحسود ، وليكن شعارنا جميعا قوله تعالى \” ربنا اغفر لنا ولاخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان ولا تجعل في قلوبنا غلاً للذين ءامنوا ربنا إنك رؤوف رحيم\” قال بعض السلف: أفضل الأعمال سلامة الصدور وسخاوة النفوس والنصيحة للأمة وبهذه الخصال بلغ من بلغ، وسيد القوم من يصفح ويعفو، وهي فرصة لكل من وقع في معصية أو ذنب مهما كان حجمه ، هي فرصة لكل من سولت له نفسه التجرأ على الله بارتكاب معاصيه ، هل فرصة لكل مسلم قد وقع ف ي خطأ \” كل ابن آدم خطاء ، وخير الخطائين التوابين \” هي فرصة إذاً لإدراك ما فات وبدء صفحة جديدة مع الله تكون ممحوة من الذنوب و ناصعة البياض بالطاعة .
 

(5) سنة نبوية

شعبان هو شهر الهَدْي النبوي والسنة النبوية في حب الطاعة والعبادة والصيام والقيام؛ فقد روى البخاري ومسلم عن أم المؤمنين عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: \”ما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم استكمل صيام شهر قط إلا شهر رمضان، وما رأيته في شهر أكثر صيامًا منه في شعبان\”، وفي رواية عن النسائي والترمذي قالت: \”ما رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في شهر أكثر صيامًا منه في شعبان، كان يصومه إلا قليلاً، بل كان يصومه كله\”، وفي رواية لأبي داود قالت: \”كان أحب الشهور إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يصومه شعبان، ثم يصله برمضان\”، وهذه أم سلمة رضي الله عنها تقول: \”ما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم شهرين متتابعين إلا شعبان ورمضان\”، ومن حديث أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه: \”وكان أحب الصوم إليه في شعبان\”، ولشدة معاهدته صلى الله عليه وسلم للصيام في شعبان قال ابن رجب: \”إن صيام شعبان أفضل من سائر الشهور\”، قال ابن حجر: \”في الحديث دليل على فضل الصوم في شعبان\”، وقال الإمام الصنعاني: \”وفيه دليل على أنه يخص شهر شعبان بالصوم أكثر من غيره\”، وذكر العلماء في تفضيل التطوع بالصيام في شهري على غيري من الشهور\”أن أفضل التطوع ما كان قريبًا من رمضان قبله وبعده؛ وذلك يلتحق بصيام رمضان؛ لقربه منه، وتكون منزلته من الصيام بمنزلة السنن الرواتب مع الفرائض قبلها وبعدها، فيلتحق بالفرائض في الفضل، وهي تكملة لنقص الفرائض، والوقفة التربوية هنا كم يوماً تنوي صيامه من هذا الشهر اقتداءً بالحبيب
 

(6) نوافل الطاعات :
إذا كان شهر شعبان شهراً للصوم عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فهو شهر لنوافل الطاعات كلها ، ينطلق فيه المسلم من حديث \” إن الله تعالى قال : من عادى لي وليّاً فقد آذنته بالحرب ، وما تقرب إليّ عبدي بشيء أحب إليّ مما افترضته عليه ، ولا يزال عبدي يتقرب إليّ بالنوافل حتى أحبه ، فإذا أحببته كنت سمعه الذي يسمع به ، وبصره الذي يبصر فيه ، ويده التي يبطش بها ، ورجله التي يمشي بها ، ولئن سألني لأعـطينه ، ولئن استعاذني لأعيذنه \” ، ولما كان شعبان كالمقدّمة لرمضان فإنه يكون فيه شيء مما يكون في رمضان من الصيام وقراءة القرآن والصدقة ، فهو ميدان للمسابقة في الخيرات والمبادرة للطاعات قبل مجيئ شهر الفرقان ، فأروا الله فيه من أنفسكم خيرا.

(7) السقي السقي :

نعم هو شهر السقي والتعهد والتفقد لما قام به المسلم في سابق أيامه حتى يجنى الحصاد بعده ، قال أبو بكر البلخي: \” شهر رجب شهر الزرع، وشهر شعبان شهر سقي الزرع، وشهر رمضان شهر حصاد الزرع\” وقال أيضا : \”مثل شهر رجب كالريح، ومثل شعبان مثل الغيم، ومثل رمضان مثل المطر\” ومن لم يزرع ويغرس في رجب، ولم يسق في شعبان فكيف يريد أن يحصد في رمضان ، ولذلك كان تسابق السلف الصالح على هذا المر واضحاً ، قال سلمة بن كهيل كان يقال : شهر شعبان شهر القراء ، وكان حبيب بن أبي ثابت إذا دخل شعبان قال هذا شهر القراء ، وكان عمرو بن قيس المُلائي إذا دخل شعبان أغلق حانوته وتفرغ لقراءة القرآن ، فأدرك زرعك أخي الحبيب في شهر شعبان وتعهده بالسقي وتفقده ألا يصاب بالجفاف
 

(8) غفلة بشرية

شهر شعبان هو الشهر الذي يغفل الناس عن العبادة فيه؛ نظرًا لوقوعه بين شهرين عظيمين؛ هما: رجب الحرام ورمضان المعظم، وفيه قال الحبيب \” ذلك شهر يغفل عنه الناس\” وقد انقسم الناس بسبب ذلك إلى صنفين: صنف انصرف إلى شهر رجب بالعبادة والطاعة والصيام والصدقات، وغالى البعض وبالغ في تعبده في رجب حتى أحدثوا فيه من البدع والخرافات ما جعلهم يعظمونه أكثر من شعبان، والصنف الآخر لا يعرفون العبادة إلا في رمضان، ولا يقبلون على الطاعة إلا في رمضان، فأصبح شعبان مغفولاً عنه من الناس، واشتغل الناس بشهري رجب ورمضان عن شهر شعبان، فصار مغفولاً عنه، ولذلك قال أهل العلم: هذا الحديث فيه دليل على استحباب عمارة أوقات غفلة الناس بالطاعة، وأن ذلك محبوب لله عز وجل، وقد كان بعض السلف يستحبون إحياء ما بين العشائين بالصلاة ويقولون: هي ساعة غفلة ، فهي دعوة لوقفة مع النفس ، هل صرنا من الغافلين عن شهر شعبان وفضله ؟ وهل أدركتنا الغفلة بمعناها المطلق ؟ هي وقفة تربوية نقيم فيها أنفسنا ومدى تملك الغفلة منا ، و نعرض فيها أنفسنا على قوله تعالى \” ولا تطع من أغفلنا قلبه عن ذكرنا واتبع هواه وكان أمره فرطا\” وقوله تعالى \” و اذكر ربك في نفسك تضرعا وخفية ولا تكن من الغافلين\” وقوله تعالى \” لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ لَا يَفْقَهُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ آذَانٌ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَا أُوْلَئِكَ كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمْ الْغَافِلُونَ\” سلمنا الله وإياكم من الغفلة ومضارها وجعلنا وإياكم من أهل طاعته على الدوام .
 

(9) اطرقوا أبواب الجنان :

فإن شهر شعبان بمثائة البوابة التي تدخلنا إلى شهر رمضان، ولأن رمضان هو شهر تفتح أبواب الجنة كما أخبرنا الحبيب صلى الله عليه وسلم بقوله \” إذا جاء رمضان فتحت أبواب الجنة، وأغلقت أبواب النار ، وصفدت الشياطين\” ، فأين المشمرون عن السواعد ؟؟أين المشتاقون الى لقاء الله ؟؟أين المشتاقون الى الجنة ؟؟ هاهي الجنة تنادي أنا أصبحت عند أبوابكم ، ففي شهر شعبان مجال طرق الأبواب، بكل وسائل الطرق المتاحة ، فاطرقوا أبواب الجنان بالتوبة والاستغفار والإنابة إلى الله واللجوء إليه ، واطرقوا أبواب الجنان بالتضرع والوقوف على أعتاب بابه مرددين \” لن نبرك بابك حتى تغفر لنا \” واطرقوا أبواب الجنان بالصيام والقيام والصلاة بالليل والناس نيام ، واطرقوا أبواب الجنان بالطاعات والقربات وبالإلحاح في الدعاء فإن أبا الدرداء كان يقول: \” جِدوا بالدعاء، فإنه من يكثر قرع الباب يوشك أن يفتح له\”، هي دعوة للتحفز والاستعداد والتهيؤ بالوقوف على العتبات والأعتاب لعله يفتح عن قريب فترى نور الله القادم مه شهر القرآن .

(10) دورة تأهيلية لرمضان :

شهر شعبان هو شهر التدريب والتأهيل التربوي والرباني؛ يقبل عليه المسلم ليكون مؤهلاً للطاعة في رمضان، فيقرأ في شهر شعبان كل ما يخص شهر رمضان ووسائل اغتنامه، ويجهِّز برنامجه في رمضان ويجدول مهامه الخيرية، فيجعل من شهر شعبان دورة تأهيلية لرمضان، فيحرص فيها على الإكثار من قراءة القرآن والصوم وسائر العبادات، ويجعل هذا الشهر الذي يغفل عنه كثير من الناس بمثابة دفعة قوية وحركة تأهيلية لمزيد من الطاعة والخير في رمضان؛ فهو دورة تأهيلية لصيام رمضان؛ حتى لا يدخل في صوم رمضان على مشقة وكلفة، بل يكون قد تمرن على الصيام واعتاده، ووجد في صيام شعبان قبله حلاوة الصيام ولذَّته، فيدخل في صيام رمضان بقوة ونشاط، وحتى يتحقَّق هذا الأمر فهذا برنامج تأهيلي تربوي يقوم به المسلم في شهر شعبان استعدادًا لشهر رمضان المبارك :

التهيئة الإيمانية التعبدية:

– التوبة الصادقة أولاً، والإقلاع عن الذنوب والمعاصي وترك المنكرات، والإقبال على الله، وفتح صفحة جديدة بيضاء نقية.

– الإكثار من الدعاء \”اللهم بلغنا رمضان\”؛ فهو من أقوى صور الإعانة على التهيئة الإيمانية والروحية.

– الإكثار من الصوم في شعبان؛ تربيةً للنفس واستعدادًا للقدوم المبارك، ويفضَّل أن يكون الصوم على إحدى صورتين: إما صوم النصف الأول من شعبان كاملاً، وإما صوم الإثنين والخميس من كل أسبوع مع صوم الأيام البيض.

– العيش في رحاب القرآن الكريم، والتهيئة لتحقيق المعايشة الكاملة في رمضان؛ وذلك من خلال تجاوز حد التلاوة في شعبان لأكثر من جزء في اليوم والليلة، مع وجود جلسات تدبُّر ومعايشة القرآن.

– تذوَّق حلاوة قيام الليل من الآن بقيام ركعتين كل ليلة بعد صلاة العشاء، وتذوَّق حلاوة التهجد والمناجاة في وقت السحَر بصلاة ركعتين قبل الفجر مرةً واحدةً في الأسبوع على الأقل.

– تذوَّق حلاوة الذكر، وارتع في \”رياض الجنة\” على الأرض، ولا تنسَ المأثورات صباحًا ومساءً، وأذكار اليوم والليلة، وذكر الله على كل حال.

التهيئة العلمية

– قراءة أحكام وفقه الصيام كاملاً (الحد الأدنى من كتاب فقه السنة للشيخ السيد سابق)، ومعرفة تفاصيل كل ما يتعلق بالصوم، ومعرفة وظائف شهر رمضان، وأسرار الصيام (من كتاب إحياء علوم الدين)، وقراءة تفسير آيات الصيام (من الظلال وابن كثير).

– قراءة بعض كتب الرقائق التي تعين على تهيئة النفس (زاد على الطريق، المطويات الجديدة التي تَصدر قُبيل رمضان من كل عام).

– الاستماع إلى أشرطة محاضرات العلماء حول استقبال رمضان، والاستعداد له، ومنها شرائط أ. عمرو خالد، وشريط روحانية صائم للشيخ الدويش وغيره من العلماء.

– مراجعة ما حُفِظَ من القرآن الكريم؛ استعدادًا للصلاة في رمضان، سواءٌ إمامًا أو منفردًا، والاستماع إلى شرائط قراءات صلاة التراويح، مع دعاء ختم القرآن.

التهيئة الدعوية

– إعداد وتجهيز بعض الخواطر والدروس والمحاضرات والخطب الرمضانية والمواعظ والرقائق الإيمانية والتربوية للقيام بواجب الدعوة إلى الله خلال الشهر الكريم.

– حضور مجالس العلم والدروس المسجدية المقامة حاليًّا؛ استعدادًا لرمضان والمشاركة فيها، حضورًا وإلقاءً.

– العمل على تهيئة الآخرين من خلال مكان الوجود- سواءٌ في العمل أو في الدراسة- بكلمات قصيرة ترغِّبهم بها في طاعة الله.

– إعداد هدية رمضان من الآن لتقديمها للناس دعوةً وتأليفًا للقلوب وتحبيبًا في طاعة الله والإقبال عليه؛ بحيث تشمل بعضًا مما يلي (شريط كاسيت- مطوية- كتيب- ملصق.. إلخ).

– إعداد مجلة رمضان بالعمارة السكنية التي تسكن بها؛ بحيث تتناول كيفية استقبال رمضان.

– الإعداد والتجهيز لعمل مسابقة حفظ القرآن في مكان الوجود. 

التهيئة الأسرية

– تهيئة مَن في البيت من زوجة وأولاد لهذا الشهر الكريم وكيفية الاستعداد لهذا الضيف الكريم، ووضع برنامج لذلك.

– الاستفادة من كتاب (بيوتنا في رمضان) للدكتور أكرم رضا، وكتيب (الأسرة المسلمة في شهر القرآن) لدار المدائن.

– ممارسة بعضٍ من التهيئة الإيمانية السابقة مع الأسرة.

– عقد لقاء إيماني مع الأسرة يكون يوميًّا بقدر المستطاع.

تهيئة العزيمة بالعزم على:

– فتح صفحة جديدة مع الله.

– جعل أيام رمضان غير أيامنا العادية.

– عمارة بيوت الله وشهود الصلوات كلها في جماعة، وإحياء ما مات من سنن العبادات، مثل (المكث في المسجد بعد الفجر حتى شروق الشمس- المبادرة إلى الصفوف الأولى وقبل الأذان بنية الاعتكاف.. إلخ).

– نظافة الصوم مما يمكن أن يلحق به من اللغو والرفث.

– سلامة الصدر.

– العمل الصالح في رمضان، واستحضار أكثر من نية من الآن، ومن تلك النيات: (نية التوبة إلى الله- نية فتح صفحة جديدة مع الله- نية تصحيح السلوك وتقويم الأخلاق- نية الصوم الخالص لله- نية ختم القرآن أكثر من مرة- نية قيام الليل والتهجد- نية الإكثار من النوافل- نية طلب العلم- نية نشر الدعوة بين الناس- نية السعي إلى قضاء حوائج الناس- نية العمل لدين الله ونصرته- نية العمرة- نية الجهاد بالمال… إلخ).

التهيئة الجهادية:
 وهي تحقيق معنى \”مجاهدًا لنفسه\”؛ وذلك من خلال:

– منع النفس من بعض ما ترغب فيه من ترف العيش، والزهد في الدنيا وما عند الناس، وعدم التورط في الكماليات من مأكل ومشرب وملبس كما يفعل العامة عند قدوم رمضان.

– التدريب على جهاد اللسان فلا يرفث، وجهاد البطن فلا يستذل، وجهاد الشهوة فلا تتحكم، وجهاد النفس فلا تطغى، وجهاد الشيطان فلا يمرح، ويُرجع في ذلك إلى كتيب (رمضان جهاد حتى النصر) لـ\”خالد أبو شادي\”.

– حمل النفس على أن تعيش حياة المجاهدين، وتدريبها على قوة التحمُّل والصبر على المشاقِّ، من خلال التربية الجهادية المعهودة.

– ورد محاسبة يومي على بنود التهيئة الرمضانية المذكورة هنا

 

الملف العلمي لشهر شعبان

 الملف العلمي لشهر شعبان

.

  شهر شعبان عناصر البحث                                                                                               

أولاً: استحباب الإكثار من الصيام في شعبان.

1- كثرة صيامه صلى الله عليه وسلم في شعبان.

2- صيام شعبان كله.

3- الحكمة في إكثاره صلى الله عليه وسلم الصيام في شعبان.

4- سبب إكثاره صلى الله عليه وسلم من الصيام في شعبان دون المحرم.

ثانياً: تفسير قوله تعالى: {فيها يفرق كل أمر حكيم}.

1- أقوال المفسرين في الآية.

2-  الراجح من القولين.

3- أقوال العلماء في تأييد القول الراجح.

ثالثاً: حكم تخصيص النصف من شعبان بعبادة.

1- حكم تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بقيام.

2- حكم تخصيص يوم النصف من شعبان بصيام.

رابعاً: بدع النصف من شعبان.

 الملف العلمي لشهر شعبان

.

  شهر شعبان : أولاً: استحباب الإكثار من الصيام في شعبان:                                              

1- كثرة صيامه صلى الله عليه وسلم في شعبان:

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم حتى نقول لا يفطر، ويفطر حتى نقول لا يصوم، وما رأيتُ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم استكمل صيام شهر إلا رمضان، وما رأيته أكثر صياماً منه في شعبان([1]).

قال ابن حجر: “وفي الحديث دليل على فضل الصوم في شعبان”([2]). قال ابن رجب: “وأما صيام النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من أشهر السنة فكان يصوم من شعبان ما لا يصوم من غيره من الشهور”([3]). وقال الصنعاني: “وفيه دليل على أنه يخصُّ شعبان بالصوم أكثر من غيره”([4]). وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: كان أحبَّ الشهور إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يصومه شعبانُ ثم يصله برمضان([5]). قال السبكي: “أي: كان صوم شعبان أحبّ إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من صوم غيره من بقية الشهور التي كان يتطوع فيها بالصيام”([6]).

2- صيام شعبان كله:

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: لم يكن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم شهراً أكثر من شعبان، وكان يصوم شعبان كله([7]). وفي رواية: ولم أره صائماً من شهر قط أكثر من صيامه من شعبان، كان يصوم شعبان كله، كان يصوم شعبان إلا قليلاً([8]).

وقد استُشكل حديث عائشة رضي الله عنها هذا مع حديثها السابق الذي فيه: وما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم استكمل صيام شهر إلا رمضان([9])، وفي رواية قالت: ما علمته صام شهراً كلَّه إلا رمضان([10])، وفي حديث ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: ما صام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم شهراً كاملاً قط غير رمضان([11]).

وللعلماء في الجمع بين الروايتين أقوال:

القول الأول: تفسير إحدى الروايتين بالأخرى: روي عن ابن المبارك أنه قال في هذا الحديث: “وهو جائز في كلام العرب إذا صام أكثر الشهر أن يقال: صام الشهر كلَّه، ويقال: قام فلان ليلته أجمع، ولعلَّه تعشَّى واشتغل ببعض أمره”.

قال الترمذي: “كأن ابن المبارك قد رأى كلا الحديثين متفقين، يقول: إنما معنى هذا الحديث أنه كان يصوم أكثر الشهر”([12]).

قال القاضي عياض في شرحه لرواية: كان يصوم شعبان كله، كان يصوم شعبان إلا قليلاً: “الكلام الثاني تفسير للأول، وعبَّر بالكل عن الغالب والأكثر”([13]). وصوَّب هذا القولَ الحافظ ابن حجر لدلالة الروايات عليه([14]).

القول الثاني: صيامه كاملاً مرة، وعدم الاستكمال مرة أخرى: قال القاضي عياض: “وقد قيل: معناه ما استكمل شهراً قط بالصيام إلا رمضان، يعني معيَّناً، وأن ما ورد مما ظاهره استكمال شعبان أي: غير معين وملازم، بل مرة أكمله ومرة لم يكمله، وقد يحتمل هذا قوله: كان يصوم شعبان كله، كان يصوم شعبان إلا قليلاً، أي: مرة كذا ومرة كذا، لئلا يتعيَّن بصومه غير رمضان”([15]). ومال إلى هذا القول: الطيبي([16]).

القول الثالث: معنى صيامه كل شعبان صيامُه من أوله ووسطه وآخره: قال القاضي عياض: “وقيل: يعني بصومه كلِّه أي: يصوم في أوله ووسطه وآخره، لا يخصّ شيئاً منه ولا يعمّه بصيامه”([17]).

الترجيح: والقول الأول هو الصواب، لأنه تفسير للرواية برواية أخرى، وأولى ما تفسَّر به الرواية رواية أخرى، والله أعلم([18]). قال العلماء: وإنما لم يستكمل غير رمضان لئلا يظنَّ وجوبه([19]).

عن عطاء قال: كنت عند ابن عباس قبل رمضان بيوم أو يومين فقرّب غداءه فقال: (أفطروا أيها الصيام! لا تواصلوا رمضان بشيء وافصلوا)([20]). قال ابن عبد البر: “استحب ابن عباس وجماعة من السلف رحمهم الله أن يفصلوا بين شعبان ورمضان بفطر يوم أو أيام، كما كانوا يستحبون أن يفصلوا بين صلاة الفريضة بكلام أو قيام أو مشي أو تقدم أو تأخر من المكان”([21]).

3- الحكمة في إكثاره صلى الله عليه وسلم الصيام في شعبان:

عن أسامة بن زيد رضي الله عنهما قال: قلت: يا رسول الله، لم أرك تصوم شهراً من الشهور ما تصوم من شعبان؟ قال: ((ذاك شهر يغفل الناس عنه، بين رجب ورمضان، وهو شهر ترفع فيه الأعمال إلى رب العالمين، فأحب أن يرفع عملي وأنا صائم))([22]). قال ابن رجب في بيان وجه الصيام في شعبان: “وفيه معانٍ، وقد ذكر منها النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى أنه لما اكتنفه شهران عظيمان: الشهر الحرام وشهر الصيام، اشتغل الناس بهما عنه، فصار مغفولاً عنه، وكثير من الناس يظنُّ أن صيام رجب أفضل من صيامه لأنه شهر حرام، وليس كذلك”([23]). قال: “وفي قوله: ((يغفل الناس عنه بين رجب ورمضان)) إشارة إلى أن بعض ما يشتهر فضله من الأزمان أو الأماكن أو الأشخاص قد يكون غيره أفضل منه، إما مطلقاً، أو لخصوصية فيه لا يتفطن لها أكثر الناس، فيشتغلون بالمشهور عنه، ويفوِّتون تحصيل فضيلة ما ليس بمشهور عندهم”([24]).

والمعنى الثاني المذكور في الحديث هو أن شهر شعبان ترفع فيه الأعمال إلى رب العالمين، فكان صلى الله عليه وسلم يحبّ أن يُرفع عمله وهو صائم([25]). وذكروا لذلك معنى آخر وهو التمرين لصيام رمضان، قال ابن رجب: “وقد قيل في صوم شعبان معنى آخر، وهو أن صيامه كالتمرين على صيام رمضان، لئلا يدخل في صوم رمضان على مشقة وكلفة، بل يكون قد تمرن على الصيام واعتاده، ووجد بصيام شعبان قبله حلاوة الصيام ولذّته، فيدخل في صيام رمضان بقوة ونشاط”([26]).

4- سبب إكثاره صلى الله عليه وسلم من الصيام في شعبان دون المحرم:

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ((أفضل الصيام بعد رمضان شهر الله المحرم، وأفضل الصلاة بعد المفروضة صلاة الليل))([27]). استشكل العلماء إكثاره صلى الله عليه وسلم من الصيام في شعبان مع تصريحه بأن أفضل الصيام بعد رمضان صيام المحرم. أجاب النووي عن ذلك فقال: “لعله لم يعلم فضلَ المحرم إلا في آخر الحياة قبل التمكن من صومه، أو لعله كان يعرض فيه أعذار تمنع من إكثار الصوم فيه كسفر ومرض وغيرهما”([28]).

1- أقوال المفسرين في الآية:

اختلف المفسرون في المراد بالليلة التي يُفرق فيها كل أمر حكيم على أقوال.

2- الراجح من القولين:

والذي يترجح أن المراد بالليلة التي يفرق فيها كل أمر حكيم ليلة القدر لا ليلة النصف من شعبان، والأدلة على ذلك ما يأتي:

1.   الضمير في قوله تعالى: {فِيهَا} يعود إلى الليلة المباركة التي أنزل فيها القرآن، قال ابن جرير: “اختلف أهل التأويل في هذه الليلة التي يفرق فيها كل أمر حكيم نحو اختلافهم في الليلة المباركة، وذلك أن الهاء التي في قوله: {فِيهَا} عائدة على الليلة المباركة”([14]).

والليلة المباركة التي أنزل فيها القرآن هي ليلة القدر على الصحيح. قال قتادة في قوله تعالى {فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ}: “هي ليلة القدر”([15]).

وقال ابن زيد: “تلك الليلة ليلة القدر، أنزل الله هذا القرآن من أم الكتاب في ليلة القدر”([16]). قال ابن جرير: “والصواب من القول في ذلك قول من قال: عنى بها ليلة القدر”([17]).

2.   أن قوله تعالى: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ} وقوله هنا: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ} يوجب أن تكون هذه الليلة المباركة هي تلك المسماة بليلة القدر لئلا يلزم التناقض([18]). وتقدم أن مرجع الضمير في قوله: {فِيهَا} يعود لليلة المباركة فتكون هي ليلة القدر.

3.   أنه تعالى قال في صفة ليلة القدر: {تنزل الملائكة والروح فيها بإذن ربهم من كل أمر} وقال هنا: {فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ} وهو يناسب قوله: {تنزل الملائكة والروح فيها}، وكذا قوله هنا: {أمرًا من عندنا}، وفي سورة القدر: {بإذن ربهم من كل أمر} فيه تناسب، وإذا تقاربت الأوصاف وجب القول بإن إحدى الليلتين هي الأخرى([19]).

4.   أن معنى قوله: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ} أي: في ليلة التقدير لجميع أمور السنة من رزق وموت وحياة وولادة ومرض وصحه وخصب وجدب وغير ذلك من جميع أمور السنة، وعلى هذا التفسير الصحيح لليلة القدر فالتقدير المذكور هو بعينه المراد بقوله: {فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ}([20]).

5.   قال ابن الجوزي: “وعلى ما روي عن عكرمة أن ذلك في ليلة النصف من شعبان والرواية عنه بذلك مضطربة قد خولف الراوي لها، فروي عن عكرمة أنه قال: ليلة القدر وعلى هذا المفسرون”([21]).

3- أقوال العلماء في تأييد القول الراجح:

1.   قال ابن جرير: “وأولى القولين في ذلك بالصواب قول من قال: ذلك ليلة القدر، لما تقدم من بياننا أن المعنى بقوله: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ} ليلة القدر، والهاء في قوله:{فِيهَا} من ذكر الليلة المباركة”([22]).

2.   قال ابن العربي: “وجمهور العلماء على أنها ليلة القدر، ومنهم من قال: إنها ليلة النصف من شعبان، وهو باطل؛ لأن الله تعالى قال في كتابه الصادق القاطع: {شهر رمضان الذي أنزل فيها القرآن} فنص على أن ميقات نزوله رمضان، ثم عبر عن زمانية الليل ها هنا بقوله: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ} فمن زعم أنه في غيره فقد أعظم الفرية على الله، وليس في ليلة النصف من شعبان حديث يعوَّل عليه، لا في فضلها ولا في نسخ الآجال فيها فلا تلتفتوا إليها”([23]).

3.   قال ابن رجب: “وقد روي عن عكرمة وغيره من المفسرين في قوله تعالى: {فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ} أنها ليلة النصف من شعبان، والجمهور على أنها ليلة القدر وهو الصحيح”([24]).

4.   قال الرازي: “وأما القائلون بأن المراد من الليلة المباركة المذكورة في هذه الآية هي ليلة النصف من شعبان فما رأيت لهم فيه دليلاً يعوَّل عليه، وإنما قنعوا فيه بأن نقلوه عن بعض الناس، فإن صح عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فيه كلام فلا مزيد عليه، وإلا فالحق هو الأول”([25]).

5.   قال الواحدي: “{إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ} يعني: ليلة القدر.. {فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ} أي: في تلك الليلة المباركة”([26]).

6.   وقال ابن كثير في قوله تعالى: {فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ}: “أي: في ليلة القدر يفصل من اللوح المحفوظ إلى الكتبة أمر السنة وما يكون فيها من الآجال والأرزاق وما يكون فيه إلى آخرها… ومن قال: إنها ليلة النصف من شعبان كما روي عن عكرمة فقد أبعد النجعة، فإن نص القرآن أنها في رمضان”([27]).

7.   وقال الشوكاني: “والحق ما ذهب إليه الجمهور من أن هذه الليلة المباركة هي ليلة القدر لا ليلة النصف من شعبان؛ لأن الله سبحانه أجملها وبينها في سورة البقرة بقوله: {شهر رمضان الذي أنزل فيه القرآن القرآن}، وبقوله في سورة القدر: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ} فلم يبق بعد هذا البيان الواضح ما يوجب الخلاف ولا ما يقتضي الاشتباه”([28]).

 وصلى الله وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين


 

1- حكم تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بقيام:

لا يشرع تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بشيء من العبادات، بل ذلك كله بدعة محدثة في الدين.

اتفقت كلمة جماهير أهل العلم على بدعية الصلاة الألفية في ليلة النصف من شعبان, هذه الصلاة على هذه الصفة المخصوصة وعدم مشروعيتها([6]).

قال النووي في معرض حديثه عن صلاة الرغائب وصلاة الألفية في النصف من شعبان: “وهاتان الصلاتان بدعتان ومنكران قبيحتان ولا يغتر بذكرهما في كتاب قوت القلوب وإحياء علوم الدين، ولا بالحديث المذكور فيهما؛ فإن كل ذلك باطل، ولا يغتر ببعض من اشتبه عليه حكمها من الأئمة فصنف ورقات في استحبابهما فإنه غالط في ذلك”([7]) . وقال ابن تيمية: “الحديث الوراد في الصلاة الألفية موضوع باتفاق أهل العلم بالحديث، وما كان هكذا لا يجوز استحباب صلاةٍ بناء عليه، وإذا لم يستحب فالعمل المقتضي لاستحبابها مكروه”([8]) . قال ابن الصلاح: “اتخاذ الناس لها ـ أي ليلة النصف من شعبان ـ موسمًا وشعارًا بدعة منكرة”([10]) .

وقال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية: “وأما الصلاة فيها ـ أي ليلة النصف من شعبان ـ جماعة فهذا مبني على قاعدة عامة في الاجتماع على الطاعات والعبادات، فإنه نوعان: أحدهما: سنة راتبة إما واجب وإما مستحب كالصلوات الخمس والجمعة والعيدين… والثاني: ما ليس بسنة راتبة مثل الاجتماع لصلاة تطوع مثل قيام الليل… فهذا لا بأس به إذا لم يتخذ عادة راتبة… لكن اتخاذه عادة دائرة بدوران الأوقات مكروه لما فيه من تغيير الشريعة وتشبيه غير المشروع بالمشروع”([11]) . وقال: “وكذلك ما قد أحدث في ليلة النصف من الاجتماع العام للصلاة الألفية في المساجد الجامعة ومساجد الأحياء والدور والأسواق فإن هذا الاجتماع لصلاة نافلة مقيدة بزمان وعدد وقدر من القراءة مكروه لم يشرع… ولو سوغ أن كل ليلة لها نوع فضل تخصّ بصلاة مبتدعة يجتمع لها لكان يفعل مثل هذه الصلاة أو أزيد أو أنقص ليلتي العيدين وليلة عرفة… وعليك أن تعلم أنه إذا استحبّ التطوع المطلق في وقت معين وجوّز التطوع في جماعة لم يلزم من ذلك تسويغ جماعة راتبة غير مشروعة، بل ينبغي أن تفرق بين البابين”([12]) .

وقال ابن نجيم بعد تعداده لليالي المستحبة القيام فيها ومنها نصف شعبان: “ويكره الاجتماع على إحياء ليلة من هذه الليالي في المساجد”([13]) .

وقال الحطاب: “لا يختلف المذهب في كراهة الجمع ليلة النصف من شعبان وليلة عاشوراء وينبغي للأئمة المنع منه”([14]) .

وقال أبو شامة: “المحذور المنكر تخصيص بعض الليالي بصلاة مخصوصة على صفة مخصوصة، وإظهار ذلك على مثل ما ثبت من شعائر الإسلام كصلاة الجمعة والعيد وصلاة التراويح فيتداولها الناس وينسى أصل وضعها، ويربى الصغار عليها قد ألفوا آباءهم محافظين عليها محافظتهم على الفرائض، بل أشد محافظة، ومهتمين لإظهار هذا الشعار بالزينة… والنفقات كاهتمامهم بعيدي الإسلام بل أشد”([15]) .

عدم مشروعية تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بقيام ودعاء خاصين، وإن هذا بدعة محدثة.

قال ابن رجب: “وأنكر ذلك ـ أي: تخصيص ليلة النصف بعبادة ـ أكثر العلماء من أهل الحجاز، منهم عطاء وابن أبي مليكة، ونقله عبد الرحمن بن زيد بن أسلم عن فقهاء أهل المدينة، وهو قول أصحاب مالك وغيرهم، وقالوا: ذلك كله بدعة”([21]).

قال عبد الرحمن بن زيد بن أسلم: “لم أدرك أحدًا من مشايخنا ولا فقهائنا يلتفتون إلى ليلة النصف من شعبان، ولم ندرك أحدًا منهم يذكر حديث مكحول، ولا يرى لها فضلاً على ما سواها من الليالي، والفقهاء لم يكونوا يصنعون ذلك”([22])، وممن اختار هذا القول الشاطبي([23]) وابن باز([24]).

وحجتهم في ذلك أنه لم يثبت ذلك عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا عن أصحابه ولا عن التابعين عدا الثلاثة الذين اشتهر عنهم ذلك.

قال ابن رجب: “قيام ليلة النصف من شعبان لم يثبت فيه شيء عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا عن أصحابه”([25]) .

1 ـ قال الشيخ ابن باز: “فلو كان تخصيص شيء من الليالي بشيء من العبادة جائزًا لكانت ليلة الجمعة أولى من غيرها؛ لأن يومها هو خير يوم طلعت عليه الشمس بنص الأحاديث الصحيحة عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فلما حذر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من تخصيصها بقيام من بين الليالي دلَّ ذلك على أن غيرها من الليالي من باب أولى لا يجوز تخصيص شيء منها بشيء من العبادة إلا بدليل صحيح يدل على التخصيص، ولما كانت ليلة القدر وليالي رمضان يشرع قيامُها والاجتهاد فيها نبَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم على ذلك وحثَّ الأمة على قيامها وفعل ذلك بنفسه، فلو كانت ليلة النصف من شعبان يشرع تخصيصها باحتفال أو شيء من العبادة لأرشد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الأمة إليه أو فعله بنفسه، ولو وقع شيء من ذلك لنقله الصحابة رضي الله عنهم إلى الأمة ولم يكتموه عنهم”([35]) .

وخلاصة القول أنه لا يشرع تخصيص هذه الليلة بقيام مخصوص ولا مطلقٍ، ولكن لا ينكر على خصَّها بقيام في خاصة نفسه لاشتباه الأمر، قال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية: “وأما ليلة النصف فقد روي في فضلها أحاديث وآثار، ونقل عن طائفة من السلف أنهم كانوا يصلون فيها، فصلاة الرجل فيها وحده قد تقدَّمه فيه سلف، وله فيه حجة، فلا يُنكر مثل هذا”([38]).

2- حكم تخصيص يوم النصف من شعبان بصيام:

اختلف أهل العلم في تخصيص يوم النصف من شعبان بصيام على قولين:

الأول: يستحب تخصيصه بصيام، وبه قال بعض العلماء([39]).

قال ابن رجب: “فأما صيام يوم النصف من شعبان فغير منهي عنه، فإنه من جملة أيام البيض الغر المندوب إلى صيامها من كل شهر، وقد ورد الأمر بصيامه من شعبان بخصوصه”([40]) .

الثاني: لا يشرع تخصيصه بصيام، نص عليه جماعات من العلماء.

قال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية: فأما صوم يوم النصف مفردًا فلا أصل له، بل إفراده مكروه”([41]) .

وقال الشاطبي في تعداده لأوجه البدع: “ومنها التزام العبادات المعينة في أوقات معينة لم يوجد لها ذلك التعيين في الشريعة، كالتزام صيام يوم النصف من شعبان وقيام ليلته”([42]).

وقال الشيخ ابن باز: “إن الاحتفال بليلة النصف من شعبان بالصلاة أو غيرها وتخصيص يومها بالصيام بدعة منكرة عند أكثر أهل العلم وليس له أصل في الشرع المطهر”([43]).

ويجاب عن حجة القائلين بمشروعية ذلك بجوابين:

أحدهما: أن الأحاديث التي تروى في الصيام يوم النصف باطلة لا تصح بحال.

والثاني: أن من كانت عادته صيام الأيام البيض فتستحب في حقه على عادته، أما من لم يكن ذلك من عادته ثم صام ذلك اليوم بخصوصه ولأجله فلا يقال: إنه صام الأيام البيض؛ لأنه لم يصمه إلا لاعتقاده فضل النصف من شعبان دون غيره، والله تعالى أعلم.

 

رابعاً: بدع النصف من شعبان.
1- الاحتفال بليلة النصف من شعبان بأي شكل من أشكال الاحتفال، سواء بالاجتماع على عبادات، أو إنشاء القصائد والمدائح، أو بالإطعام وغير ذلك.

2- إحياء ليلة النصف من شعبان بقيام مقدَّر مخصوص([1]) مثل:

أ- صلاة “الألفية”، وتسمى أيضاُ صلاة “البراءة”([2]).

ب- صلاة “أربع عشرة ركعة”.

ج- صلاة “ثنتي عشرة ركعة”.

د- صلاة “ست ركعات”.

3- تخصيص صلاة العشاء ليلة النصف من شعبان بقراءة سورة “يس”([3]).

4- تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بقراءة بعض السور بعددٍ مخصوص كسورة الإخلاص([4]).

5- تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بدعاء يُسمى “دعاء ليلة النصف من شعبان”، وربما شرطوا لقبول هذا الدعاء قراءة سورة “يس” وصلاة ركعتين قبله([5]).

6- تخصيص يوم النصف من شعبان بالصوم([6]).

7- التصدق في النصف من شعبان عن أرواح الموتى([7]).

8- التقصد بزيارة القبور ليلة النصف من شعبان وإيقاد النار والشموع([8]).

9- اعتقاد أن ليلة النصف من شعبان مثل ليلة القدر في الفضل([9]).

*****

أحكام شَهْر شَعْبَان

ICJARORG أحكام شَهْر شَعْبَان

الحمد لله، وصلى الله على نبيه ومصطفاه..وبعد..

لماذا سُمي شعبان بهذا الاسم؟ قال ابن حجر – رحمه الله -: “وسمي شعبان؛ لتشعبهم في طلب المياه أو في الغارات بعد أن يخرج شهر رجب الحرام،… وقيل فيه غير ذلك”. فتح الباري (4/251).

ما هو هدي النبي محمد – صلى الله عليه وسلم- في صوم شعبان؟ ورد أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – كان يصوم شعبان كله، فعنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ – رضي الله عنها – قَالَتْ: “مَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – صَامَ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ إِلا أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَصِلُ شَعْبَانَ بِرَمَضَانَ”. [رواه أحمد (26022)، وأبو داود (2336) والنسائي (2175) وابن ماجه (1648)]. ولفظ أبي داود: ” أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لَمْ يَكُنْ يَصُومُ مِنْ السَّنَةِ شَهْرًا تَامًّا إِلا شَعْبَانَ يَصِلُهُ بِرَمَضَانَ” [صححه الألباني في صحيح أبي داود (2048)].

وثبت عن عائشة – رضي الله عنها – أنها قالت: ” لَمْ يَكُنْ النَّبِيُّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يَصُومُ شَهْرًا أَكْثَرَ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ، فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ كُلَّه”. [البخارى(1969)]، فظاهر هذان الحديثان أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – كان يصوم شهر شعبان كله، وورد أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – كان يصوم شعبان إلا قليلاً، فعَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ قَالَت: ” سَأَلْتُ عَائِشَةَ – رضي الله عنها – عَنْ صِيَامِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، فَقَالَتْ: كَانَ يَصُومُ حَتَّى نَقُولَ قَدْ صَامَ، وَيُفْطِرُ حَتَّى نَقُولَ قَدْ أَفْطَرَ، وَلَمْ أَرَهُ صَائِمًا مِنْ شَهْرٍ قَطُّ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ صِيَامِهِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ، كَانَ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ كُلَّهُ، كَانَ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ إِلا قَلِيلا”. [رواه مسلم (1156)]. وفي رواية عنها – رضي الله عنها -: ” كَانَ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا”.

قال الحافظ: إن حديث عائشة [يُبَيِّنُ أَنَّ الْمُرَاد بِقَوْلِهِ فِي حَدِيث أُمّ سَلَمَة ” أَنَّهُ كَانَ لا يَصُوم مِنْ السَّنَة شَهْرًا تَامًّا إِلا شَعْبَانَ يَصِلُهُ بِرَمَضَان” أَيْ: كَانَ يَصُوم مُعْظَمَهُ. وَنَقَلَ التِّرْمِذِيُّ عَنْ اِبْن الْمُبَارَك أَنَّهُ قَالَ: جَائِزٌ فِي كَلام الْعَرَب إِذَا صَامَ أَكْثَرَ الشَّهْرِ أَنْ يَقُولَ صَامَ الشَّهْرَ كُلَّهُ. [فتح البارى (4/252)].

وقال الطِّيبِيُّ: يُحْمَل عَلَى أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَصُوم شَعْبَان كُلّه تَارَة وَيَصُوم مُعْظَمَهُ أُخْرَى لِئَلا يُتَوَهَّم أَنَّهُ وَاجِب كُلّه كَرَمَضَانَ، ثم قال الحافظ: وَالأَوَّل هُوَ الصَّوَاب] اهـ يعني: أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لم يكن يصوم شعبان كاملاً، واستدل له بما رواه مسلم عن عائشة – رضي الله عنها – أنها قالت: وَلا أَعْلَمُ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ كُلَّهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ، وَلا صَلَّى لَيْلَةً إِلَى الصُّبْحِ، وَلا صَامَ شَهْرًا كَامِلا غَيْرَ رَمَضَانَ. [مسلم (746)]، وبما رواه البخاري ومسلم عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ – رضي الله عنهما – قَالَ: مَا صَامَ النَّبِيُّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – شَهْرًا كَامِلا قَطُّ غَيْرَ رَمَضَانَ [البخاري (1971) ومسلم (1157)]. وقال السندي في شرحه لحديث أم سلمة: ” يَصِل شَعْبَان بِرَمَضَان” أَيْ: فَيَصُومهُمَا جَمِيعًا، ظَاهِره أَنَّهُ يَصُوم شَعْبَان كُلّه… لَكِنْ قَدْ جَاءَ مَا يَدُلّ عَلَى خِلافه، فَلِذَلِكَ حُمِلَ عَلَى أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَصُوم غَالِبه فَكَأَنَّهُ يَصُوم كُلّه وَأَنَّهُ يَصِلهُ بِرَمَضَان اهـ قال ابن عبد البر: “واستحب ابن عباس و جماعة من السلف – رحمهم الله – أن يفصلوا بين شعبان ورمضان بفطر يوم أو أيام، كما كانوا يستحبون أن يفصلوا بين صلاة الفريضة و النافلة بكلام، أو قيام أو مشي، أو تقدم أو تأخر من المكان. [الاستذكار (371/3)]. ما هو فضل الصوم في شعبان؟ عن أسامةُ بنُ زيد – رضي الله عنهما – أنه قال: قُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ الله لَمْ أَرَكَ تَصُومُ شَهْرًا مِنْ الشُّهُورِ مَا تَصُومُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ؟ قَالَ: (( ذَلِكَ شَهْرٌ يَغْفُلُ النَّاسُ عَنْهُ بَيْنَ رَجَبٍ وَرَمَضَانَ، وَهُوَ شَهْرٌ تُرْفَعُ فِيهِ الْأَعْمَالُ إِلَى رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ؛ فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يُرْفَعَ عَمَلِي وَأَنَا صَائِمٌ)). رواه النسائي، وحسنه الألباني. هل صحت أحاديث في فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان؟.

عن أسامة بن زيد – رضي الله عنهما – قال: قلت يا رسول الله: لم أرك تصوم من شهر من الشهور ما تصوم من شعبان؟ قال: ((ذاك شهر تغفل الناس فيه عنه، بين رجب ورمضان، وهو شهر ترفع فيه الأعمال إلى رب العالمين، وأحب أن يرفع عملي وأنا صائم)).

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ – رضي الله عنها – قَالَتْ: “كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يَصُومُ حَتَّى نَقُولَ لا يُفْطِرُ، وَيُفْطِرُ حَتَّى نَقُولَ لا يَصُومُ، فَمَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – اسْتَكْمَلَ صِيَامَ شَهْرٍ إِلا رَمَضَانَ، وَمَا رَأَيْتُهُ أَكْثَرَ صِيَامًا مِنْهُ فِي شَعْبَانَ”.

عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ – رضي الله عنها – عَنْ النَّبِيِّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: “أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَصُومُ مِنْ السَّنَةِ شَهْرًا تَامًّا إِلا شَعْبَانَ يَصِلُهُ بِرَمَضَانَ”.

كل الأحاديث السابقة تدل وترغب على فضل صيام شهر شعبان وقد كان ذلك مما حرص على فعله الرسول – صلى الله عليه وسلم -.. وعلينا بالتأسي بالحبيب المصطفى في هذا الشهر الذي كان يحبه ويختصه بهذا القدر من الصيام، ويجب على من عليه قضاء أن يبادر ويقضي ما عليه من صيام.

وذكر أهل العلم حكما في تفضيل التطوع بالصيام في شعبان على غيره من الشهور منها: أن أفضل التطوع ما كان قريبا من رمضان قبله وبعده، وذلك يلتحق بصيام رمضان، لقربه منه، وتكون منزلته من الصيام بمنزلة السنن الرواتب مع الفرائض قبلها وبعدها، فيلتحق بالفرائض في الفضل، وهي تكملة لنقص الفرائض، وكذلك صيام ما قبل رمضان وبعده، فكما أن السنن الرواتب أفضل من التطوع المطلق بالنسبة للصلاة، فكذلك يكون صيام ما قبل رمضان وبعده أفضل من صيام ما بعد منه، ولذلك فإنك تجد رمضان يسبق بالصيام من شعبان والاستكثار منه ثم بعد انقضاء رمضان يسن صيام ست من شوال، فهي كالسنن الرواتب التي قبل وبعد الصلاة المفروضة.

قال سلمة بن كهيل: كان يقال شهر شعبان شهر القراء. وكان عمرو بن قيس إذا دخل شهر شعبان أغلق حانوته وتفرغ لقراءة القران، قال أبو بكر البلخي: شهر رجب شهر الزرع، وشهر شعبان شهر سقي الزرع، وشهر رمضان شهر حصاد الزرع، وقال أيضا: مثل شهر رجب كالريح، ومثل شعبان مثل الغيم، ومثل رمضان مثل المطر، ومن لم يزرع ويغرس في رجب، ولم يسق في شعبان فكيف يريد أن يحصد في رمضان، هذا حال نبيك وحال سلف الأمة في هذا الشهر المبارك، فما هو موقعك من هذه الأعمال والدرجات؟!

وقال ابن رجب – رحمه الله -: ” قيل في صوم شعبان: إن صيامه كالتمرين على صيام رمضان؛ لئلا يدخل في صوم رمضان على مشقة وكلفة، بل يكون قد تمرن على الصيام واعتاده، ووجد بصيام شعبان قبله حلاوة الصيام ولذته، فيدخل في صيام رمضان بقوة ونشاط”.

ولما كان شعبان كالمقدمة لرمضان شرع فيه ما يشرع في رمضان من الصيام وقراءة القران، ليحصل التأهب لتلقي رمضان وتتروض النفوس بذلك على طاعة الرحمن، ولهذه المعاني المتقدمة وغيرها كان النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يكثر من الصيام في هذا الشهر المبارك، ويغتنم وقت غفلة الناس وهو من؟ هو رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، هو الذي غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه وما تأخر..

وحتى يوفقك الله لصيام وقيام رمضان، عليك أن تدرب نفسك على الصيام والقيام قبله، ليرزقك الله التوفيق والإعانة في رمضان بأذن الله، فالسعيد من وفقه الله لعمل الطاعات في الأوقات والأماكن الفاضلة.. والخسران أن يخذلك الله ويثبطك عن العمل الصالح في مثل هذه المواسم ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله.. فكلنا يعلم من إذا جاء رمضان يأخذ الإجازة من العمل ويعتكف في المسجد وبعضهم يسافر للحرمين حتى يجد ويجتهد في العبادة، ولكن والله المستعان لا يوفق لذلك، لأنه لم يوطن نفسه على ذلك من قبل فتذهب هذه الأوقات وتجر معها ما بقي من عمره هباء منثوراً ولا حول إلا بالله..

وقد كان الصحابة يدعون الله ستة أشهر أن يبلغهم رمضان، ثم يدعونه ستة أشهر أن يتقبله منهم، وقال يحيى بن أبي كثير: “كان من دعائهم: اللهم سلمني إلى رمضان، اللهم سلم لي رمضان، وتسلمه مني متقبلا”.

فهل تضمن أن تبقى حتى رمضان؟! وهل تضمن أن يأتي رمضان وأنت في صحة وعافية؟!

أما خطر ببالك يوماً فضلُ مَن أدرك رمضان؟! أما تفكرت يوماً في عظم ثواب العمل في هذا الشهر المبارك؟! تأمل معي هذه القصة العجيبة.. روى الإمام أحمد وابن ماجه وصححه الألباني من حديث طلحة بن عبيد الله – رضي الله عنه – أن رجلين من بلى قدما على رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، وكان إسلامهما جميعا، فكان أحدهما أشد اجتهادا من الآخر، فغزا المجتهد منهما فاستُشهد، ثم مكث الآخر بعده سنة ثم توفي. قال طلحة: فرأيت في المنام بينا أنا عند باب الجنة، إذا أنا بهما، فخرج خارج من الجنة فأذن للذي توفي الآخِر منهما، ثم خرج فأذن للذي استشهد، ثم رجع إلي فقال: ارجع فإنك لم يأن لك بعد، فأصبح طلحة يحدث به الناس، فعجبوا لذلك، فبلغ ذلك رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – وحدثوه الحديث، فقال: من أي ذلك تعجبون؟ فقالوا: يا رسول الله، هذا كان أشد الرجلين اجتهاداً ثم استُشهد، ودخل هذا الآخِرُ الجنةَ قبله!! فقال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: ((أليس قد مكث هذا بعده سنة؟)) قالوا: بلى، قال: وأدرك رمضان فصام وصلى كذا وكذا من سجدة في السنة؟ قالوا: بلى، قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: ((فما بينهما أبعدُ مما بين السماء والأرض)).

الله أكبر، إن بلوغَ رمضانَ نعمةٌ عظيمة، وفضلٌ كبير من الله – تعالى -، حتى إن العبد ببلوغ رمضان وصيامه وقيامه يسبق الشهداء في سبيل الله الذين لم يدركوا رمضان.

ونسأل الله أن يرزقنا وإياكم بلوغ شهر رمضان وأن ويفقنا لصيامه وقيامه.

واعلم أن مما يضاعف الثواب والأجر الصيام في شدة الحر لما فيه من ظمأ الهواجر، ولهذا كان معاذ بن جبل – رضي الله عنه – عند احتضاره يتأسف على ما يفوته من ظمأ الهواجر وكذلك غيره من السلف.

عن سعيد بن جبير – رحمه الله – قال: لما أصيب ابن عمر – رضي الله عنه – قال: ما تركت خلفي شيئا من الدنيا آسى عليه غير ظمأ الهواجر وغير مشي إلى الصلاة.

وقد ورد أن الصديق – رضي الله عنه – كان يصوم في الصيف ويفطر في الشتاء.

وقد وصى الفاروق – رضي الله عنه – عند موته ابنه عبد الله فقال له: “عليك بالصيام في شدة الحر في الصيف”.

وكانت عائشة – رضي الله عنها – تصوم في الحر الشديد.

وكان مجمع التيمي – رحمه الله – يصوم في الصيف حتى يسقط.

وكانت بعض الصالحات تتوخى أشد الأيام حرا فتصومه فيقال لها في ذلك، فتقول: إن السعر إذا رخص اشتراه كل أحد. في إشارة إلى إنها لا تؤثر إلا العمل الذي لا يقدر عليه إلا قليل من الناس لشدته عليهم، وهذا من علو الهمة.

وقد كان أبو الدرداء – رضي الله عنه – يقول: صوموا يوما شديدا حره لحر يوم النشور، وصلوا ركعتين في ظلمة الليل لظلمة القبور.

عن ابن سيرين قال: خرجت أمّ أيمن مهاجرة إلى الله ورسوله وهي صائمة ليس معها زاد، ولا حمولة، ولا سقاء، في شدّة حرّ تهامة، وقد كادت تموت من الجوع والعطش، حتى إذا كان الحين الذي يفطر فيه الصائم سمعت حفيفا على رأسها، فرفعت رأسها فإذا دلْوٌ معلّق برشاء أبيض، قالت: فأخذته بيدي فشربت منه حتى رويت، فما عطشتُ بعد، فكانت تصوم وتطوف لكي تعطش في صومها فما قدرت على أن تعطش حتى ماتت”.

وفي حديث أبي موسى “أنهم كانوا على ظهر سفينةٍ فسمعوا هاتفا يهتفْ: قفوا أخبركم بقضاء قضاه الله – تعالى -على نفسه، أن من أعطش نفسه لله في يوم حارٍّ يرويه يوم القيامة، قال أبو بردة: فكان أبو موسى لا يمرّ عليه يوم حارٌّ إلا صامه، فجعل يتلوّى فيه من العطش”.

ومن الأسباب التي جعلت حبيبنا محمد – عليه الصلاة والسلام – يحرص على الصيام في شعبان أنه شهر ترفع فيه أعمال السنة، فقال – عليه الصلاة والسلام -: ((وهو شهر ترفع فيه الأعمال إلى رب العالمين، وأحب أن يرفع عملي وأنا صائم)) وهذا على خلاف ما أنتشر من بدعة أن الأعمال ترفع آخر العام، ولذلك كان يسن صيام الاثنين والخميس من كل أسبوع لأنه ترفع فيها الأعمال وكذلك في شهر شعبان فأنه يسن الصيام فيه حتى يرفع عمل العبد وهو صائم.. ففي هذا الشهر تعرض أعمالك من العام الذي مضى وتعرض على رب العزة والجلال.. (إِلَيْهِ يَصْعَدُ الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ وَالْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ يَرْفَعُهُ) [سورة فاطر].

فكيف تريد أن تختم عملك هذا العام؟! وكيف تريد أن يكون حالك عندما يعرض عملك على ربك تبارك وتعالى؟!

وفي هذا الشهر المبارك منح ربانية عظيمة يتكرم بها على عباده فإن لله أيامًا وأشهرًا يتفضَّل بها الله على عباده بالطاعات والقربات، في هذا الشهر ليلة عظيمة هي ليلة النصف من شعبان.

فهذه فرصة لكل مقصر ومخطئ يريد أن يغفر الله – سبحانه وتعالى – عنه، أن يصلح ما بينه وبين الناس سواء كان من أهله، أو من صديقه أو من غيرهم.. فأعفوا وأغفروا ألا تحبون أن يغفر الله لكم؟! وقال – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: ((إن فساد ذات البين هي الحالقة، لا أقول تحلق الشعر، ولكن تحلق الدين)) [رواه أبو داود والترمذي]. فالخصومات ثلمة في الدين، ونقص في الإيمان.

قال بعض السلف: أفضل الأعمال سلامة الصدور وسخاوة النفوس والنصيحة للأمة وبهذه الخصال بلغ من بلغ، وسيد القوم من يصفح ويعفو، وهي فرصة لكل من وقع في معصية أو ذنب مهما كان حجمه، هي فرصة لإدراك ما فات وبدء صفحة جديدة مع الله تكون ممحوة من الذنوب و ناصعة البياض بالطاعة.

فهذه فُرصة لكلِّ مسلِم يُريد رِضا الله – سبحانه وتعالى – ويُريد دخول الجنة أن يصلح ما بيْنه وبيْن خُصومِه من قريب أو بعيد، سواء كان مِن أهله، أو صديقه، أو أي شخْص آخَر، وكذلك عليه أن يدَع ويتوب من المعاصي والذُّنوب من رِبًا، أو غِيبة، أو نميمة، أو سماع للموسيقا والغناء، وغيرها مِن المعاصي. نسأل اللهَ أن يُؤلِّف بين قلوب المسلمين، وأنْ يُوفِّقهم إلى كلِّ خيْر، وأنْ يرفع مِن صُدورهم البغضاء والشَّحْناء، إنَّه سميعُ الدعاء، اللهم آمين.

وقد صحَّت ثلاثة أحاديث في ليلة النصف من شعبان:

الحديث الأول: خرَّجه الطبراني في الكبير والأوسط، وصححه الألباني في السلسة الصحيحة، قال فيه نبي الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: (( يَطَّلِعُ الله – عز وجل – عَلَى خَلْقِهِ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ، فَيَغْفِرُ لِجَمِيعِ خَلْقِهِ، إِلا لِمُشْرِكٍ أَوْ مُشَاحِنٍ)) مشاحن: أي مخاصم لمسلم أو مهاجر له..

والحديث الثاني: فقد خرجه البيهقي، وصححه الألباني في صحيح الترغيب والترهيب وقال: صحيح لغيره، وهو قول نبينا – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: (( يطلع الله إلى عباده ليلة النصف من شعبان، فيغفر للمؤمنين، ويمهل الكافرين، ويدع أهل الحقد بحقدهم حتى يدعوه))..

وأما الحديث الثالث: فخرجه ابن أبي عاصم في السنة، وقال الألباني في ظلال الجنة: صحيح لغيره، وهو قول نبينا – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: (( ينزل ربنا- تبارك وتعالى- إلى سماء الدنيا ليلة النصف من شعبان، فيغفر لأهل الأرض، إلا مشرك أو مشاحن)). [قال الألباني في ” السلسلة الصحيحة ” 3 / 135: حديث صحيح]. قال ابن حجر الهيتمي الشافعي في الفتاوى الفقهية الكبرى – رحمه الله – متحدثاً عن هذه الليلة: “وَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّ لِهَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فَضْلًا، وَأَنَّهُ يَقَعُ فِيهَا مَغْفِرَةٌ مَخْصُوصَةٌ، وَاسْتِجَابَةٌ مَخْصُوصَةٌ، وَمِنْ ثَمَّ قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ – رضي الله عنه -: إنَّ الدُّعَاءَ يُسْتَجَابُ فِيهَا” [الفتاوى الفقهية الكبرى، للهيتمي – رحمه الله -، دار الفكر (2/80)]. هل يجوز تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بعبادة؟. من السلف كما ذكر ابن تيمية والهيتمي من كان يعظم ليلة النصف من شعبان، ويجتهد فيها، ومنهم من نهى عن ذلك. قال الهيتمي في الفتاوى الفقهية الكبرى: ” وأما الصَّلَاةِ الْمَخْصُوصَةِ لَيْلَتهَا ليلة النصف – وَقَدْ عَلِمْت أَنَّهَا بِدْعَةٌ قَبِيحَةٌ مَذْمُومَةٌ يُمْنَعُ مِنْهَا فَاعِلُهَا، وَإِنْ جَاءَ أَنَّ التَّابِعِينَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الشَّامِ كَمَكْحُولٍ وَخَالِدِ بْنِ مَعْدَانَ وَلُقْمَانَ وَغَيْرِهِمْ يُعَظِّمُونَهَا وَيَجْتَهِدُونَ فِيهَا بِالْعِبَادَةِ، وَعَنْهُمْ أَخَذَ النَّاسُ مَا ابْتَدَعُوهُ فِيهَا وَلَمْ يَسْتَنِدُوا فِي ذَلِكَ لِدَلِيلٍ صَحِيحٍ وَمِنْ ثَمَّ قِيلَ أَنَّهُمْ إنَّمَا اسْتَنَدُوا بِآثَارٍ إسْرَائِيلِيَّةٍ وَمِنْ ثَمَّ أَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ أَكْثَرُ عُلَمَاء الْحِجَازِ كَعَطَاءٍ وَابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ وَفُقَهَاء الْمَدِينَة وَهُوَ قَوْلُ أَصْحَابِ الشَّافِعِيِّ وَمَالِكٍ وَغَيْرِهِمْ قَالُوا: وَذَلِكَ كُلُّهُ بِدْعَةٌ؛ إذْ لَمْ يَثْبُت فِيهَا شَيْءٌ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – وَلَا عَنْ أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ” [الفتاوى الفقهية الكبرى (2/80)].

تخصيص ليلة النصف من شعبان بصيام أو صلاة خاصة أو الاحتفال بها: وقد سئل سماحة الشيخ عبد العزيز بن باز – رحمه الله – عن ليلة النصف من شعبان؟ وهل لها صلاة خاصة؟

فأجاب: ليلة النصف من شعبان ليس فيها حديث صحيح، وكل الأحاديث الواردة فيها ضعيفة أو موضوعة لا أصل لها، وهي ليلة ليس لها خصوصية، لا قراءة ولا صلاة خاصة ولا جماعة.. وما قاله بعض العلماء أن لها خصوصية فهو قول ضعيف، فلا يجوز أن تخص بشيء.. هذا هو الصواب وبالله التوفيق.

ملاحظة: فلا يُخصُّ هذا اليوم بصيام، ولا قِيام، وما شابه ذلك؛ لأنَّ رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لم يخصَّه بذلك، ولم يثبتْ عنه، ولا عن صحابته الكرام. وما يُروَى في ذلك حديث باطل عن عليٍّ – رضي الله عنه – أنَّ النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال: ((إذا كانتْ ليلةُ النصف مِن شعبان فقوموا ليلتَها، وصوموا يومَها؛ فإنَّ الله — تبارك وتعالى — ينزل فيها لغروبِ الشمس إلى سماءِ الدنيا، فيقول: ألاَ مِن مستغفر فأغفرَ له؟ ألاَ مِن مسترزق فأرزقَه؟ ألا مِن مبتَلًى فأعافيَه؟ ألا كذا ألا كذا، حتى يطلع الفجْر))، وهو مكذوبٌ على رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -[12].

ومن الأمور التي يجب التنبيه عنها أيضاً أن لا يصوم الإنسان بعد منتصف شعبان بنية استقبال رمضان وحتى يحتاط لشهر رمضان بزعمه فإن هذا من التنطع والغلو في الدين، قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم-: ((إذا انتصف شعبان فلا تصوموا حتى رمضان)) فهذا الحديث وما في معناه للمتنطعين والمتشددين الذين يستقبلون رمضان بالصيام بنية الاحتياط لرمضان، فهذا منهي عنه، ولا يدخل في هذا أن يصوم الإنسان ما كان معتادا له من صيام الاثنين والخميس مثلا، أو ثلاثة أيام من كل شهر، أو القضاء، أو النذر. وما له تعلق بهذا أيضا، حرمة صيام يوم الشك، قال عمار بن ياسر – رضي الله عنه -: من صام اليوم الذي يشك فيه فقد عصى أبا القاسم. ويوم الشك هو اليوم الذي يشك فيه هل هو من رمضان أو من شعبان وهو يوم الثلاثين، فيحرم صومه بنية الاحتياط، قال: – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: ((لا تقدموا رمضان بيوم أو يومين إلا من كان يصوم صوما فليصمه)).

وها قد مضى رجب فما أنت فاعل في شعبان إن كنت تريد رمضان.. فماذا أنت فاعل؟!

مضى رجب وما أحسنت فيه *** وهذا شهر شعبــان المبارك

فيا من ضيع الأوقات جـهلاً *** بحرمتها أفق واحـذر بوارك

فسوف تفارق اللذات قـسراً *** ويخلي الموت كرهاً منك دارك

تدارك ما استطعت من الخطايا *** بتوبة مخلص واجعـل مدارك

على طلب السلامة من جحيم *** فخير ذوي الجرائم من تدارك

هل يجوز الصيام بعد النصف من شعبان؟. قال نبي الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: (( إِذَا انْتَصَفَ شَعْبَانُ فَلَا تَصُومُوا)) رواه أبو داود، وهذا حديث قد اختلف العلماء فيه بين مصحح له ومضعف. وتستثنى هذه الصور من الكراهة:

الأولى: من اعتاد أن يصوم صوماً صام ولو انتصف شعبان، والدليل حديث أبي هريرة – رضي الله عنه – في صحيح مسلم، قال نبي الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: (( لَا تَقَدَّمُوا رَمَضَانَ بِصَوْمِ يَوْمٍ وَلَا يَوْمَيْنِ، إِلَّا رَجُلٌ كَانَ يَصُومُ صَوْمًا فَلْيَصُمْهُ)) رواه البخاري ومسلم.

الثانية: من أراد أن يصوم معظم شعبان كما كان يفعل رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -.

الثالثة: من كان عليه قضاء أو صوم واجب، فلا خلاف في وجوب صومه ولو انتصف شعبان.

ما حكم صيام يوم الشك؟ ويوم الشك هو الثلاثون من شعبان، وهو اليوم الذي يُشكُّ فيه هل هو من رمضان أم من شعبان، وقد ثبت نهى النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – عن صوم يوم الشك، وهو الثلاثين من شعبان، قال عمارٌ – رضي الله عنه -: “مَنْ صَامَ يَوْمَ الشَّكِّ فَقَدْ عَصَى أَبَا الْقَاسِمِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم –” رواه البخاري.

اللهمَّ آمين، وآخرُ دَعْوانا أنِ الحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ العالمينَ، والصلاةُ والسلامُ على خاتمِ الأنبياء والمُرسَلين محمدٍ، وعلى آلهِ وصَحبِه أجْمَعين.سبحانك اللهمَّ وبحمدك، أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت، أستغفرِك وأتوب إليك.